Battle of Ojo Caliente Canyon
|Battle of Ojo Caliente Canyon|
|Part of the Jicarilla War, Apache Wars, Ute Wars|
|Commanders and leaders|
| Philip St. George Cooke
32 native scouts
|Casualties and losses|
- This engagement should not be confused with the later Battle of Ojo Caliente in 1879.
The Battle of Ojo Caliente Canyon, or simply the Battle of Ojo Caliante was an engagement of the Jicarilla War on April 8, 1854. Combatants were Jicarilla Apache warriors, and their Ute allies, against the United States Army. The skirmish was fought as result of the pursuit of the Jicarilla after the Battle of Cieneguilla just over a week earlier.
- Utley, Frontiersmen in Blue, pg.144-145
- Utley, Frontiersmen in Blue, pg.145
- Additionally some Jicarilla women and children and some of the Indians' horses drowned while crossing the Ojo Caliente River. Later the fleeing Indians without the food lost with their camp suffered from exposure and seventeen women and children perished in the snow. FORT UNION Historic Resource Study: CHAPTER THREE: MILITARY OPERATIONS BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR, and note 56
- Utley, Robert M.. Frontiersmen in Blue: The United States Army and the Indian, 1848-1865. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-9550-2. pg.144-145 "Cooke was already on the march. He heard of Davidson's defeat by messenger on the morning of March 31..."
- Gorenfeld, Will, The Battle of Cieneguilla, Wild West magazine, Feb., 2008
- Bennett, James A., Forts & Forays: A dragoon in New Mexico, 1850–1856, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 1996, p 53
- FORT UNION: CHAPTER THREE: MILITARY OPERATIONS BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR