Battle of Olkieniki (1706)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Battle of Olkieniki
Part of the Great Northern War
DateFebruary 23, 1706 (O.S.)
February 24, 1706 (Swedish calendar)
March 6, 1706 (N.S.)
LocationOlkieniki, close to Vilnius, Lithuania
Result Swedish victory
Belligerents
Naval Ensign of Sweden.svg Swedish Empire Flag of Russia.svg Tsardom of Russia
Chorągiew królewska króla Zygmunta III Wazy.svg Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Commanders and leaders
Carl Gustaf Dücker
Józef Potocki
Jan Kazimierz Sapieha the Elder
Christian Felix Bauer
Michał Serwacy Wiśniowiecki
Grzegorz Antoni Ogiński
Strength
1,000 Swedes[1]
Several thousand Poles and Lithuanians
1,600 Russians[2]
3,000 Poles and Lithuanians[1]
Casualties and losses
60 wounded, unknown number of killed[1] 50 killed and 100 wounded Russians[2]
70 killed and 70 wounded Poles and Lithuanians[3]

The Battle of Olkieniki took place at March 6, 1706 close to the town of Olkieniki in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (today Valkininkai in Lithuania) during the Great Northern War. A Swedish detachment of 1,000 dragoons sent out by Charles XII from Grodno under Carl Gustaf Dücker[1] sought to meet up with a larger Polish contingent under Józef Potocki and Jan Kazimierz Sapieha the Elder at Olkieniki, before marching towards Vilnius in order to secure the Swedish connection to Swedish Livonia which had been disturbed by Russian forces ever since the battle of Gemauerthof.[4] However, at the same time an allied force of about 4,600–7,000 Russians, Poles and Lithuanians under Christian Felix Bauer, Michał Serwacy Wiśniowiecki and Grzegorz Antoni Ogiński marched in their direction in order to beat the pro–Swedish Poles and Lithuanians before regrouping with their Swedish allies.[5] The Swedish and Russian–Polish forces soon, rather unexpectedly, stumbled upon each other outside of the town where a fierce fight took place. The Swedes repulsed two attacks executed by their enemies, before withdrawing a distance away to some woods, in order to initiate a third attack prepared by the allied forces. Meanwhile, the battle was witnessed from a distance away by the Swedish–friendly Poles and Lithuanians who had yet to participate in the fighting. The Swedes soon, however, counterattacked on their own and managed to beat the allied forces from the field, after which the Poles and Lithuanians on the Swedish side decided the intervene and persecute the allies for a distance. The battle resulted in more than 60 wounded Swedes[5] and up to 50 killed and 100 wounded Russians[2] and another 70 killed and equally many wounded Poles and Lithuanians siding with the Russians.[3] The Swedes soon arrived at Vilnius where they captured a large bulk of Russian supplies.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ett kort dock tydeligit utdrag utur then öfwer konung Carl den Tolftes lefwerne och konglida dater, Jöran Andersson Nordberg (1745). p. 477
  2. ^ a b c Giov. van Ghelen. Avvisi italiani, ordinarii e straordinarii, Volume 23. Paragraph, MIETAVIA 15. Marze
  3. ^ a b Giov. van Ghelen. Avvisi italiani, ordinarii e straordinarii, Volume 23. Paragraph, OLKIENIKI
  4. ^ Svensson, Axel. Karl XII som fältherre. Svenskt Militärhistoriskt Bibliotek, (2001). p. 87
  5. ^ a b c Gustaf Adlerfeld. The Genuine History of Charles XII. King of Sweden. pp. 291–292
  • Gustaf Adlerfeld, translation, James Ford. The Genuine History of Charles XII. King of Sweden. Booksellers in town and country, 1742