Battle of Placentia (271)

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Coordinates: 45°03′N 9°42′E / 45.05°N 9.7°E / 45.05; 9.7

Battle of Placentia
Part of the Roman-Germanic wars
Battle of Placentia (271) is located in Italy
Placentia
Placentia
Battle of Placentia (271) (Italy)
Date271
Location
Result Juthungian victory
Belligerents
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Roman Empire Juthungi
Commanders and leaders
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Emperor Aurelian unknown
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

The Battle of Placentia was fought in 271 between a Roman army led by Emperor Aurelian and the Juthungi tribe, near modern Piacenza.

Background[edit]

Since the winter of 270, the Roman army had been occupied with repulsing a Vandal invasion at the Danube frontier. The expedition was ultimately successful, however, the Juthungi tribe seized the opportunity by invading Italia, counting on the absence of the Roman army.

Emperor Aurelian, who was in Pannonia with an army to control the withdrawal of the Vandals, hastily moved into Italia but, as he approached Milan, he received news that the enemy was already moving south-east, after sacking Placentia.[1] According to the Anonymous Continuator of Cassius Dio,[2] he immediately sent them a message demanding their surrender, which they rejected by saying that if he wanted to challenge them they would show him how a free people could fight.

The battle[edit]

Finally, the Juthungi surprised the exhausted Roman army in an ambush at a wood near Placentia, and the Roman army was defeated by the barbarians.[1]

Aftermath[edit]

The news of this humiliating defeat produced two short-lived military revolts. The Juthungi continued to move on Via Emilia towards Rome.[3] Since no remarkable military force was left between the invaders and the capital, panic spread through the city which had grown far beyond its old walls.

According to Historia Augusta, the Sibylline Books were consulted, and religious ceremonies performed to call for the gods' help.[4] The Romans escaped disaster when Emperor Aurelian soundly defeated the Juthungi at the Battle of Fano, leading to great celebration throughout the city.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Watson (1999), p.50.
  2. ^ Potter (2004), p.645.
  3. ^ Potter (2004), p.269.
  4. ^ Watson (1999), p. 51.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Potter, David S. (2005) [2004]. The Roman Empire at Bay, AD 180-395. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-10058-5.
  • Watson, Alaric (2004) [1999]. Aurelian and the Third Century. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-10057-7.