Battle of Plymouth (1864)

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Battle of Plymouth
Part of the American Civil War
Date April 17, 1864 (1864-04-17) – April 20, 1864 (1864-04-20)
Location Washington County, North Carolina
Result Confederate victory
United States United States (Union)  Confederate States
Commanders and leaders
Henry W. Wessells Robert F. Hoke
Units involved
Plymouth Garrison Hoke's Division
2,500 4,500
Casualties and losses
2,000 800

The Battle of Plymouth was an engagement during the American Civil War that was fought from April 17 through April 20, 1864, in Washington County, North Carolina.


Map of Plymouth Battlefield core and study areas by the American Battlefield Protection Program.

In a combined operation with the ironclad ram CSS Albemarle, Confederate forces under Maj. Gen. Robert F. Hoke, attacked the Federal garrison at Plymouth, North Carolina, on April 17. On April 19, the ram appeared in the river, sinking the USS Southfield, damaging the USS Miami, and driving off the other Union Navy ships supporting the Plymouth garrison. Confederate forces captured Fort Comfort, driving defenders into Fort Williams. On April 20, the garrison surrendered.

"Killed April 18, 1864 in a naval engagement off Plymouth NC on the USS Miami"

Plymouth citizens are believed to have taken refuge in the basement of the Latham House during the Battle of Plymouth.[1]

Order of battle[edit]

Union forces[edit]


  • US Army transport Bombshell
  • USS Miami
  • USS Southfield
  • USS Ceres
  • USS Whitehead
  • USS Massasoit

Confederate forces[edit]

Hoke's Division

  • Hoke's Brigade
    • 6th North Carolina Infantry
    • 21st North Carolina Infantry
    • 43rd North Carolina Infantry
    • 54th North Carolina Infantry
    • 21st Georgia Infantry
  • Ransom's Brigade
    • 8th North Carolina Infantry
    • 24th North Carolina Infantry
    • 25th North Carolina Infantry
    • 35th North Carolina Infantry
    • 49th North Carolina Infantry
    • 56th North Carolina Infantry
  • Kemper's Brigade

Dearing's Battalion

  • 8th Confederate Cavalry
  • Virginia Horse Artillery

Branch's Battalion

  • Pegram's Battery
  • Miller's Artillery
  • Bradford's Battery

Moseley's Battalion

  • Montgomery (Alabama) True Blues Infantry
  • Wilmington Light Artillery

Guion's Battalion:

  • 1st NC Artillery - Co.s B, G & H.

Read's Battalion:

  • 38th Virginia Battalion of Light Infantry
    • Fauquier Artillery (Co. A)
    • Richmond Fayette Artillery (Co. B)
    • Bloundt's Lynchburg Artillery (Co. D)


  • CSS Albemarle
  • CSS Cotton Plant

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Janet K. Seapker and John B. Flowers, III (n.d.). "Latham House" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 2015-06-01. 

Coordinates: 35°51′59″N 76°45′07″W / 35.86648°N 76.7519°W / 35.86648; -76.7519