Battle of Porkuni

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Battle of Porkuni
Part of World War II
II maailmasõjas hukkunute matmispaik (Porkuni lahing).jpg
Date September 21, 1944
Location Porkuni, Viru County, Estonia
Coordinates: 59°10′40″N 26°09′37″E / 59.17778°N 26.16028°E / 59.17778; 26.16028
Result Soviet victory
Belligerents
Estonian Division.jpg Estonian conscripts Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg Soviet Union
Commanders and leaders
Estonian Division.jpg Juhan Vermet Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg August Feldman
Strength
1,500 10,000
Casualties and losses
500 dead,
700 captured[1]
~1,000

Battle of Porkuni (Estonian: Porkuni lahing) was the largest engagement between Estonians serving in the Red Army and Estonian pro-independence and Waffen-SS units. It took place on 21 September 1944[2] between Lake Porkuni and the Sauvälja village about seven kilometres northeast of the town of Tamsalu[3] during the Leningrad Front's Tallinn Offensive Operation (17 September 1944 – 26 September 1944).

The 249th Rifle Regiment of the 8th Estonian Rifle Corps had heavy machine guns and mortars and were supported by artillery and tanks. Soldiers of the Estonian Waffen Grenadier Division had only light arms and antitank weapons in the form of German panzerfausts.

The 8th Rifle Corps surrounded about 1,500 Estonians retreating from the Tannenberg line in the Sinimäed Hills. In the ensuing battle, more than 500 surrounded Estonians were killed. Around 700 were captured.

Villagers buried 273 dead Estonians in German uniform. Тhe Soviet Rifle Corps lost 73 men killed, of whom 57 had Estonian names.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Porkuni vennatapulahing niitis eesti sõjamehi" (in Estonian). Postimees. 11 September 2004. 
  2. ^ Naan, Gustav (1980). Soviet Estonia: Land, People, Culture. Valgus Publishers. p. 104. 
  3. ^ [1] location of the lake