Battle of Puerto Plata Harbor

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Battle of Puerto Plata Harbor
Part of the Quasi-War
Capture of the French Privateer Sandwich by armed Marines on the Sloop Sally, from the U.S. Frigate Constitution, Puerto - NARA - 532590.tif
Capture of the French privateer Sandwich by U.S. Marine infantry, Copy of painting by Philip Colprit, 1960.
DateMay 11, 1800
Location
Result American victory
Belligerents
 United States  France
 Spain
Commanders and leaders
Silas Talbot
Isaac Hull
Unknown
Strength
Land:
~100 Marines and sailors
Sea:
1 frigate
1 sloop
Land:
1 Spanish coastal fort
Sea:
1 French corvette
Casualties and losses
Unknown 1 corvette captured
1 fort captured

The Battle of Puerto Plata Harbor was a small battle in 1800 between a French privateer and a Spanish coastal fort on one side, and the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps on the other during the undeclared Quasi-War between the French First Republic and the United States.

History[edit]

In early May 1800, Captain Silas Talbot organized a naval expedition to Puerto Plata on the island of Hispaniola. His object was to harass French shipping. After capturing the small French sloop Sally, USS Constitution arrived at Puerto Plata. A French corvette was seen at anchor in the harbor.

USS Constitution sailed around to a beach, out of the fort's range. There she off-loaded a landing force of about 100 marines and sailors. The landing party then marched on Sandwich while the prize sloop Sally was sent in to attack by way of sea. The French were no doubt shocked at the approaching American force and hardly put up a fight; Sandwich was captured. Then the Americans turned their attention on Fortaleza San Felipe, a Spanish Army fort. After another brief fight, the fort's defenses were overrun and the marines spiked the fort's cannons.

With the capture of Sandwich and the assault on the coastal fort, U.S. forces returned to their ships and sailed home. The Battle of Puerto Plata Harbor was one of the few land battles during the Quasi-War. Detailed casualties of the engagement are unknown.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Abbot, Willis J. (1896). The Naval History of the United States. 1. Peter Fenelon Collier. OCLC 3453791.

External links[edit]