Battle of Puruarán

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Battle of Puruarán
Part of the Mexican War of Independence
Captura Matamoros.jpg
A painting of the capture of Mariano Matamoros y Guridi by the royalist soldier, Eusebio Rodríguez at the Battle of Puruarán.
Date 5 January 1814
Location Puruarán, Michoacán, Mexico
Result Spanish Royalist victory
Bandera de José María Morelos en 1812.png Mexican Rebels Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg Spanish Empire
Commanders and leaders
Bandera de José María Morelos en 1812.png Mariano Matamoros y Guridi  (POW) Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Arámburu
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg Ciriaco del Llano
1,000 soldiers Unknown
Casualties and losses
23 cannons
1,000 muskets
Unknown (low)

The Battle of Puruarán was a battle of the War of Mexican Independence that occurred on 5 January 1814 in the area around Puruarán, Michoacán. The battle was fought between the royalist forces loyal to the Spanish crown and the Mexican rebels fighting for independence from the Spanish Empire. The Mexican insurgents were commanded by Mariano Matamoros y Guridi and the Spanish by Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Arámburu who would later go on to become the Mexican emperor, and by Ciriaco del Llano. The battle lasted approximately one hour and resulted in a victory for the Spanish Royalists.

The Battle[edit]

This short battle was a complete loss for the Mexican rebels. After a battle lasting about an hour, the smaller royalist army soundly defeated the Mexican rebels inflicting heavy casualties. The Mexican commander, Mariano Matamoros was captured whilst attempting to flee the field of battle by a loyalist cadet named Eusebio Rodríguez. In addition to losing a majority of their army, the Mexicans also lost 23 artillery pieces and around 1,000 muskets to the Spanish.


After taking stock of their tremendous losses, the Mexican rebels attempted to bargain for the life of General Matamoros who had been the second in command of José María Morelos' forces. They petitioned the government of the Spanish Viceroyalty for a prisoner exchange where they would return 200 captured royalist soldiers for Matamoros. The Spanish refused the offer and ordered the execution by firing squad of Matamoros on 3 February 1814.

After the death of Matamoros, José María Morelos ordered the execution of all 200 Spanish royalist prisoners.

See also[edit]


  • Bustamante, Carlos María de (1846). Cuadro histórico de la revolución mexicana, comenzada en 15 de septiembre de 1810 por el ciudadano Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Cura del pueblo de los Dolores. (in Spanish). México DF: Impr. de JM Lara.