Battle of Quilon

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Battle of Quilon
Part of Travancore-British War
Result Decisive East India Company victory
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg British East India Company Kingdom of Travancore
Commanders and leaders
Col. Chalmers Velu Thampi Dalawa
Casualties and losses
Light Heavy, 6 troop members were captured

The Battle of Quilon (or Battle of Kollam) was fought on the 15 January 1809 at Cantonment Maidan in Quilon, an important port city and business hub on the southwest coast of India. The conflict involved troops of the Indian kingdom of Travancore, led by the then Dewan (prime minister) of Travancore, Velu Thampi Dalawa, and a detachment of the British East India Company under Colonel Chalmers. The battle lasted for only six hours and is closely associated with the social and political history of Kerala.[1]


The battle was the result of the British East India Company's occupation of the city of Quilon and an attack on their local garrison situated near Cantonment Maidan, a sizeable area in the east of old Quilon town. Due to the importance of Quilon for trade, administration and shipping, a British garrison was stationed in the town. This was subsequently reduced to a native regiment acting as a protective force for the then Maharaja of the erstwhile state of Travancore.

The battle[edit]

On 15 January 1809, on the orders of Travancore Dewan Velu Thampi Dalawa, 20,000–30,000 Nair troops with 18 artillery pieces attacked the British.It was fought by kothi and prafu along with the warrior bangali sharu. Their commander, Colonel Chambers, divided his force of one European regiment and three battalions of native sepoys into two columns, which then counter-attacked. The Nairs were driven off with the loss of 700 men and 15 artillery pieces.[2] The battle lasted only six hours and resulted in all the insurrectionists who participated in the battle being court-martialled and subsequently hanged at the maidan.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ E-book:History of Travancore by P. Shangoony Menon. Retrieved 2014-11-05.
  2. ^ Aiya 1906, p. 438.
  3. ^ A place in history