Battle of Rawa

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Battle of Rawa
Part of the Eastern Front during World War I
Eastern Front, September 1914.
DateSeptember 2–11, 1914
Result Russian victory
Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary Russian Empire Russia
Commanders and leaders
Austria-Hungary Moritz von Auffenberg
Austria-Hungary Rudolf Brudermann
Russian Empire Pavel Plehve
Units involved
Austria-Hungary Third Army
Austria-Hungary Fourth Army
Russian Empire Fifth Army
Casualties and losses
50,000 casualties
70,000 prisoners
60,000 casualties

Battle of Rawa (also written as -Rava, -Rawa-Ruska, -Rava-Ruska, or -Rava-Russka) was an early stage World War I battle between Austria-Hungary and Russia, between September 3–11, 1914.

The Russian armies had defeated their opponents and threw them back to the Carpathian mountains. The battle was part of the series of engagements known as Battle of Galicia.

The Fourth Army commanded by Moritz von Auffenberg, victorious in the Battle of Komarow, was given order to turn south to aid the Third Army (Rudolf Brudermann) which had suffered heavy casualties. This had created a gap between the First (Viktor Dankl) and Fourth Armies, and the gap was exploited by the Russian Third Army commanded by Pavel Plehve. Near Rava-Ruska (Galicia, today Ukraine) nine Austro-Hungarian divisions clashed with nine Russian divisions. The units commanded by Auffenberg were barely able to escape encirclement for the price of lengthy retreat and large loss of men and equipment.

Blame for the defeat was put on Auffenberg though the movement to help the Third Army was an order by Conrad von Hötzendorf. Later during the war, Rava-Ruska was re-captured by the Central Powers armies on June 21, 1915.