Battle of Riyadh (1902)

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Battle of Riyadh
Masmak castle.jpg
Al Masmak Castle
Date 13 January 1902
Location Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Result Ibn Saud successfully captured Riyadh
Establishment of Emirate of Riyadh
Death of Ibn Ajlan
Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Emirate of Ha'il Flag of the Second Saudi State.svg House of Saud
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Ibn Ajlan Flag of the Second Saudi State.svg Abdul Aziz ibn Saud
80 68
Casualties and losses
30 dead 7 dead

The Battle of Riyadh was a minor battle of the Unification War between Rashidi and Ibn Saud rebels. It occurred on 13 January 1902, in Masmak Castle in Riyadh, the capital of present-day Saudi Arabia.

In late 1901, following the end of the Second Saudi State the Al Saud clan was forced to move to Kuwait after Riyadh had fallen to the Al Rashid family. Abdul-Aziz ibn Saud head of the clan requested supplies and men from the Kuwaiti Emir to retake his home town. The Kuwaiti prince, who was also involved in several wars with Rashidis, acceded to Ibn Saud's request and gave him horses and arms.

In January 1902, Ibn Saud and his men returned to Riyadh and successfully assaulted the castle. He captured and killed Ibn Ajlan (Chief of Riyadh) after morning prayers, and Abdul Aziz held Ibn Ajlan's head and threw it to the people of Riyadh [1].