Battle of Rottofreddo

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Battle of Rottofreddo
Part of the War of the Austrian Succession
Date 10 August 1746[1]
Location Rottofreno, Province of Piacenza, Italy
Result Indecisive, French retreat
Spain Spain
 Habsburg Austria
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of FranceMarshal Maillebois
Spain Comte de Gages
Habsburg MonarchyAntoniotto Botta Adorno
Habsburg Monarchy Count Maximilian Ulysses Browne
25.000[2] 30.000
Casualties and losses
6000 3000

The Battle of Rottofreddo was fought on 10 August 1746 during the War of Austrian Succession between a French army and Austrian forces. The French were led by Marshal Maillebois, and could repel the Austrian attack, but had to withdraw after the battle.

The Battle[edit]

After the defeat at Piacenza the French and Spanish army had to retreat across the Po river. The Austrian commander Antoniotto Botta Adorno tried to prevent this and send Count Serbelloni with the vanguard to attack. The Bourbon Army defended the town of Rottofreddo till their baggage train crossed the Tidone to the west, but were then overwhelmed by the Austrian mainforce. During the following attack against the main French army at Castel San Giovanni Austrian Field Marshal Bärenklau tried a flank attack in the south, but was hit by a musket ball and died shortly after.[3] The French and Spanish could hold their line but finally decided to retreat to Tortona. In the aftermath Piacenza surrendered to Austrian General Nádasdy, but the following invasion of the Provence should end in failure.[4] Nevertheless Italy was secured for the Austrians.


  1. ^ Bodart, Gaston (1908). Militär-historisches Kriegs-Lexikon (1618-1905). Vienna. p. 209. 
  2. ^ Bodart, Gaston (1908). Militär-historisches Kriegs-Lexikon (1618-1905). Vienna. p. 209. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ Black, Jeremy (2002). America Or Europe?: British Foreign Policy, 1739-63. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. p. 15.