Battle of Taiyuan

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Battle of Taiyuan
Part of the Second Sino-Japanese War
DateSeptember 1 – November 9, 1937
Location
Result Japanese victory
Belligerents

Republic of China (1912–1949) China

Chinese Soviet Republic

Empire of Japan Japan

Commanders and leaders
Republic of China (1912–1949) Yan Xishan
Republic of China (1912–1949) Wei Lihuang
Zhu De
Republic of China (1912–1949) Fu Zuoyi
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Isogai Rensuke
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Itagaki Seishiro
Flag of the Mengjiang.svg Demchugdongrub
Units involved
  • 5th division
  • 20th division
  • Provisional air division
  • 1st independent mixed brigade
  • 11th independent mixed brigade
  • 12th independent mixed brigade
  • 15th independent mixed brigade
  • 9th Mongolian cavalry division[1]
  • Strength
    6 Army Groups, ~580,000 men 5 divisions, ~140,000 men
    Casualties and losses
    ~100,000 ~30,000

    The Japanese offensive called 太原作戦 or the Battle of Taiyuan (Chinese: 太原會戰; pinyin: Tàiyuán Huìzhàn; Wade–Giles: T'ai-yüan Hui-tsan) was a major battle fought between China and Japan named for Taiyuan (the capital of Shanxi province), which lay in the 2nd Military Region. This battle concluded in loss for the NRA, including part of Suiyuan, most of Shanxi and their most modern arsenal at Taiyuan and effectively ended large-scale regular resistance in the North China area.

    With these territories occupied, the Japanese obtained the coal supply in nearby Datong, but it also exposed them to attacks by the guerrilla forces of the Nationalist army including the Eighth Route Army, tying down many Japanese troops which could have been diverted to other campaigns.

    Chronology[edit]

    In September 1937, Hideki Tojo sent the Japanese army stationed in Chahar to invade Shanxi in order to exploit its resources. The city of Datong fell, and the NRA was forced to go on the defensive, and concentrated their troops along the Great Wall in battles at places like Pingxingguan and to the east at in Niangziguan.

    Yan Xishan also sent troops to reinforce Shijiazhuang, but that caused a lack of personnel to defend the North China area, allowing the Japanese army to break through in the north forcing the Chinese to fall back to a new line at Xinkou. Fighting continued in October in the Battle of Xinkou until the Japanese outflanked Niangziguan in late October, compromising the Chinese defense resulting in the fall of Taiyuan.

    See also[edit]

    Sources[edit]

    • Hsu Long-hsuen and Chang Ming-kai, History of The Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) 2nd Ed., 1971. Translated by Wen Ha-hsiung, Chung Wu Publishing; 33, 140th Lane, Tung-hwa Street, Taipei, Taiwan Republic of China. Pg. 195-200, Map 6
    • 中国抗日战争正面战场作战记 China's Anti-Japanese War Combat Operations

    Coordinates: 37°51′00″N 112°33′00″E / 37.8500°N 112.5500°E / 37.8500; 112.5500

    References[edit]