Battle of Taku Forts (1859)

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Second Battle of Taku Forts
Part of the Second Opium War
Taku Fort 2006.jpg
The Taku Forts
DateJune 24–26, 1859
Location
Result Chinese victory
Belligerents
 United Kingdom
 France
 United States
Qing China
Commanders and leaders
United Kingdom James Hope (WIA)
United States Josiah Tattnall
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg Sengge Rinchen
Strength
 United Kingdom
Land:
~1,160[1]
Sea:
11 gunboats
4 steamers[1]
4,000[2]
60 artillery pieces[2]
6 forts[2]
Casualties and losses
British:
3 gunboats sunk
3 gunboats grounded[1]
81 killed[3]
345 wounded[3]
French:
12 killed
23 wounded
American:
1 launch damaged
1 killed
1 wounded
32 killed or wounded[2]

The Second Battle of Taku Forts was a failed Anglo-French attempt to seize the Taku Forts along the Hai River in Tianjin, China, in June 1859 during the Second Opium War. A chartered American steamship arrived on scene and assisted the French and British in their attempted suppression of the forts.

References[edit]

  • Bartlett, Beatrice S. Monarchs and Ministers: The Grand Council in Mid-Ch'ing China, 1723–1820. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1991.
  • Ebrey, Patricia. Chinese Civilization: A Sourcebook. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993.
  • Elliott, Mark C. "The Limits of Tartary: Manchuria in Imperial and National Geographies." Journal of Asian Studies 59 (2000): 603-46.
  • Faure, David. Emperor and Ancestor: State and Lineage in South China. 2007.
  • Platt, Stephen (2012). Autumn in the Heavenly Kingdom: China, the West, and the Epic Story of the Taiping Civil War.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Janin, Hunt (1999). The India-China Opium Trade in the Nineteenth Century. McFarland. p. 126–127. ISBN 0-7864-0715-8.
  2. ^ a b c d "The Second Battle of the Taku Forts". unitedcn.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2010-09-15.
  3. ^ a b Raugh, Harold E. (2004). The Victorians at War, 1815-1914: An Encyclopedia of British Military History. ABC-CLIO. p. 100. ISBN 1-57607-925-2.