Battle of Walk

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Battle of Walk
Part of Second Northern War
Date July 8, 1657
Location Walk, Swedish Livonia
Result Decisive Swedish victory
Sweden Swedish Empire Imperial Coat of arms of Russia (17th century).svg Tsardom of Russia
Commanders and leaders
Friedrich von Löwen

Matvey Sheremetyev † Prince Timofey Scherbatov

Denis Fonvizin
3,300 men[1] 2,193 (Russian sources)[2]
8,000 (Swedish sources)[1]
Casualties and losses
light[1] 108 killed, 28 wounded, 5 captured (Russian sources)[2]
1,500 killed and wounded (Swedish sources)[1]

The Battle of Walk on July 8, 1657 between forces of Sweden commanded by Friedrich von Löwen on one side, and Russian forces led by stolnik Matvey Sheremetyev, who for the first time in his career commanded an army by himself, on the other side.[2] The largest part of the Russian army disobeyed Sheremetyev and left the battle at the beginning,[2] forcing him to rely on the 250 reiters of Colonel Denis Fonvizin, who played the key role in the breakthrough and allowed the rest of the army to escape.[2] The Swedish forces won the battle,[1] and according to their sources they defeated an army of 8,000 men, 32 standards, banners and other field declarations had been captured in the battle and 1,500 Russians were left dead or wounded on the battlefield along with their commander Matvey Sheremetyev, who later died in captivity.[3] However, a recent analysis of Russian 17th-century archive documents related to the battle demonstrates that the Russian force consisted of only 2,193 men, 353 additional troops failed to arrive in time, and even Tsar Alexis I himself expected his army to be no larger than 3,000, while the casualties included 108 killed, 28 wounded, 5 captured. The declaration has been criticized as often tendentious and inaccurate in its description of the Russian army and having inflated numbers.[2]