Battle of Wilhelmsthal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of Wilhelmsthal
Part of the Seven Years' War
Übersichtskarte Feldzug des Herzogs von Braunschweig-Lüneburg 1762.jpg
General map of Duke Ferdinand of Brunswicks campaigns in 1762, Berlin 1872
Date 24 June 1762
Location Castle of Wilhelmsthal near Calden, Northwestern Germany
Result Allied victory
Belligerents
 Great Britain
 Hanover
 Prussia
Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Hesse-Kassel
 France
Commanders and leaders
Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick Kingdom of France Prince de Soubise
Kingdom of France Duc d'Estrées
Strength
50,000 70,000
Casualties and losses
796
208 killed
273 wounded
315 captured[1]
3,600
900 killed or wounded
2,702 captured

The Battle of Wilhelmsthal (sometimes written as the Battle of Wilhelmstadt) was fought on 24 June 1762 during the Seven Years' War between on one side the allied forces of British, Prussian, Hanover, Brunswick and Hessian troops under the command of the Duke of Brunswick against the French. Once again, the French threatened Hanover, so the Allies manoeuvered around the French, surrounded the invasion force, and forced them to retreat. It was the last major action fought by Brunswick's force before the Peace of Paris brought an end to the war.

Background[edit]

France had made a number of attempts to invade and overrun Hanover since 1757, hoping to occupy the Electorate and use it as a bargaining counter to exchange for the return of French colonies captured by the British. The Allied army under the Duke of Brunswick had prevented them from taking Hanover - and by 1762, aware that the war was likely to draw to a close, the French had decided on a final thrust to try to defeat Brunswick and occupy Hanover.

The battle[edit]

Ferdinand had advanced and outflanked the French on both flanks, nearly encircling them. An attack on the French center held by Stainville's command was particularly effective, with one column engaging his front, another striking his rear, inflicting some 900 casualties[2] and forcing 2,700 to surrender.[3]

Aftermath[edit]

The result is viewed as victory for the Allied forces. It ended the last French hopes of overrunning and occupying Hanover before the armistice that ended the war, and the Treaty of Paris. The Anglo-German forces advanced and captured Cassel in November, but by then the premilaries of peace had been signed.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Savory, Reginald, His Britannic Majesty's Army in Germany During the Seven Years War, Oxford University Press, 1966, p.375.
  2. ^ Savory, Reginald, His Britannic Majesty's Army in Germany During the Seven Years War, Oxford University Press, 1966, p.373.
  3. ^ Clodfelter 2017, p. 82.

References[edit]

  • Clodfelter, M. (2017). Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492-2015 (4th ed.). Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 978-0786474707. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°25′00″N 9°24′00″E / 51.4167°N 9.4000°E / 51.4167; 9.4000