Battle of Yenidje

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Battle of Yenidje
Part of First Balkan War
Map of the battle
DateNovember 2 [October 20 (O.S.)] 1912
Yenice-i Vardar, Salonica Vilayet (now Giannitsa, Greece)

Greek victory

Greece Greece  Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Crown Prince Constantine Gen Hasan Tahsin Pasha
Units involved
Army of Thessaly VIII Provisional Corps
60.000-70.000 men c. 25.000 men
Casualties and losses
188 dead,
785 wounded
250+ killed during the battle
1000+ wounded during the battle
200 captured
11 field artillery pieces[2]

The Battle of Yenidje or Yenice or Battle of Giannitsa, was a battle between the Greek Army and the Ottoman Army on October 19–20 1912, during the First Balkan War. The Greek Army defeated the Ottomans, opening the way towards Thessaloniki and capturing Yenidje (now Giannitsa/Yiannitsa).

The battle[edit]

Greek soldiers at the lake during the battle
Greek infantry charge

The Ottoman army in the Greek front gathered at Yiannitsa and fortified it. The strategic location of Yiannitsa was low hills, which acted as barriers for excellent defense, while the nearby lake forced the opponents into a relatively narrow space, further enhanced with artillery units. 25,000 Turkish troops waited for the Greeks. The battle began on October 19 and lasted two days. The Greek military forces had to put a bridge over the stream of Balitzas. In torrential rain the Greek regiments had many losses and encountered difficulties. By evening the Greek army had brought up artillery. The attack of the Greek army was successful by the morning of the 20th the victory was a fact. The losses were heavy. The losses of the Turks were three times more. In the city there was a fire. The road to the liberation of Thessaloniki was now open. The battle was one of the most deadly battles of the Balkan wars and perhaps the most important.[citation needed] It marked the liberation of the city and its inclusion in the Greek state. At the same time it paved the way for the liberation of Thessaloniki that helped shape the modern map of Greece. After the battle, Constantine with the Army marched to Thessaloniki. Hasan Tahsin Pasha proposed terms to surrender the city, which twice were rejected by Constantine. Finally he agreed to an unconditional surrender and the Greeks entering the city on 27th October (O.S.).


  1. ^ Edward J. Erickson (2003), Defeat in detail: the Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003, ISBN 978-0-275-97888-4, p. 222.
  2. ^ Erickson (2003), p. 222. The author gives 30 officers killed or wounded, plus 250 men killed and 1000 wounded.


  • An Index of events in the military history of the Greek nation., Hellenic Army General Staff, Army History Directorate, Athens, 1998. ISBN 960-7897-27-7
  • Richard C. Hall, The Balkan Wars 1912-1913. Prelude to the First World War., Routledge, New York 2000. ISBN 0-415-22946-4

Coordinates: 40°47′N 22°23′E / 40.79°N 22.38°E / 40.79; 22.38