Battle of Zhangjiawan

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Battle of Zhangjiawan
Part of the Second Opium War
Cousin-Montauban leading French forces
Date 18 September 1860
Location Zhangjiawan, near Tongzhou, China
Result Franco-British victory
 United Kingdom
Qing China
Commanders and leaders
United Kingdom James Hope Grant
France Charles Guillaume Cousin-Montauban
Sengge Rinchen[1]
4,000[2] 20,000–30,000[3][4]
Casualties and losses
1 killed
19 wounded
2 killed
14 wounded
1,500 killed
80 guns captured[4]

Battle of Zhangjiawan was fought by British and French forces against China at the town of Zhangjiawan (to the east of Tongzhou) during the Second Opium War on the morning of 18 September 1860.


The combined Anglo-French force which had recently occupied Tianjin engaged a Chinese army numbering some 30,000-strong at Zhangjiawan. British cavalry won a battle against Mongolian cavalry, French infantry crushed the defence of Chinese troops, and British-French artillery inflicting massive losses on the Chinese Qing army.


Since infantry was the worst part of Qing army, the Qing commander-in-chief Sengge Rinchen decided to use his cavalry against the Anglo-French forces. The Battle of Palikao took place three days later.


  1. ^ Correspondence Respecting Affairs in China. 1859–60. London: Harrison and Sons. p. 258.
  2. ^ Knollys, Henry (1875). Incidents in the China War of 1860. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons. p. 114.
  3. ^ Wolseley, Garnet (1903). The Story of a Soldier's Life. Volume 2. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 66.
  4. ^ a b c d Frontier and Overseas Expeditions from India. Volume 6. Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing. 1911. p. 434.

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