Battle of the Guadalupe Island (1595)

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Battle of the Guadalupe Island (1595)
Part of the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604)
Pointe de la Grande Vigie - Guadeloupe.jpg
Panoramic view from the Guadalupe Island.
Date November 8, 1595
Location Off Guadalupe Island, Caribbean Sea
Result Spanish victory[1][2]
Belligerents
 England  Spain
Commanders and leaders
Francis Drake Pedro Tello de Guzmán
Strength
9 ships[3] 5 frigates[3]
Casualties and losses
1 ship captured[2][3]
45 killed and 25 captured[2]
Light[2]

The Battle of the Guadalupe Island, also known as the Battle of Guadalupe or The career of Don Pedro Tello de Guzmán, was a naval action that took place off Guadalupe Island (French: Guadeloupe), Caribbean Sea, on November 8, 1595, between a Spanish force of five frigates commanded by Don Pedro Tello de Guzmán and Don Gonzalo Méndez de Cancio (who was appointed Admiral on August 19, 1595), and an English squadron of nine ships (rear of Francis Drake's fleet), during the unsuccessful English military expedition of 1595 against Spain and their possessions, led by Sir Francis Drake himself, Sir John Hawkins and Sir Thomas Baskerville, as the context of the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604).[1][2] The result was a Spanish victory.[3] One of the English ships, the Francis, was captured and the others fled from the battle.[3][4] Then, knowing Drake's plans, the Spanish flotilla took advantage over the bulk of Drake's fleet, and arrived at San Juan on November 13, reinforcing the town with 500 soldiers and supplies.[5] The Spaniards organized different artillery positions in strategic locations, and the five frigates were positioned to cover the entrance of the bay with their artillery, awaiting the arrival of Drake.[6] On November 22, with the defenses completed, the English fleet arrived off San Juan and tried to invade the town.[6] The result was another Spanish victory over the Drake's forces.[6][7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fernández Duro, Cesáreo (1898). Armada Española desde la unión de los reinos de Castilla y Aragón. Vol. III. Instituto de Historia y Cultura Naval. p.107
  2. ^ a b c d e Rodríguez González. Victorias por Mar de los Españoles. Biblioteca de Historia. pp. 79-88
  3. ^ a b c d e Fernández Duro, Cesáreo (1898). p.107
  4. ^ Rodríguez González pp. 79-88
  5. ^ Fernández Duro, Cesáreo (1898). p.108
  6. ^ a b c Fernández Duro, Cesáreo pp.108-109
  7. ^ Van Middeldyk p.68

References[edit]

  • Fernández Duro, Cesáreo (1898). Armada Española desde la unión de los reinos de Castilla y Aragón. Vol. III. Instituto de Historia y Cultura Naval. Madrid. (Spanish)
  • Konstam, Angus (2008). Piracy: The Complete History. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. UK. ISBN 978-1-84603-240-0
  • Van Middeldyk, R. A. (2008). The History of Puerto Rico. Teddington: Echo Library. UK. ISBN 978-1-4068-7497-6
  • Ullivarri, Saturnino (2004). Piratas y corsarios en Cuba. Spain: Editorial Renacimiento. ISBN 978-84-8472-127-7 (Spanish)
  • Rodríguez González, Agustín Ramón (2006). Victorias por Mar de los Españoles. Biblioteca de Historia. Grafite Ediciones. Madrid. ISBN 84-96281-38-8 (Spanish)

External links[edit]