Battle of the Port of Carthage

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Battle of Port of Carthage
Part of the Third Punic War
Date147 BC
Location
Result Carthaginian victory
Belligerents
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Roman Republic Carthage standard.svg Carthage
Commanders and leaders
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Scipio Aemilianus
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Lucius Hostilius Mancinus
Carthage standard.svg Hasdrubal the Boeotarch
Strength
Unknown 50 ships

The Battle of the Port of Carthage was a naval battle of the Third Punic War fought in 147 BC between the Carthaginians and the Roman Republic.

In the summer of 147 BC, during the Siege of Carthage, the Roman fleet, under the command of Lucius Hostilius Mancinus kept a close watch on the city from the sea. His warships were reinforced that same year by the forces of Scipio Aemilianus. The Carthaginians managed to find an escape route to the sea that had not been effectively blockaded by the Roman navy and put their fleet of 50 triremes and smaller numbers of other vessels to sea to confront the invading fleet. They met the Roman fleet outside the Port of Carthage, and met with initial success in repulsing the Roman attacks to their ships, inflicting heavy casualties on them. As the battle progressed, the Carthaginians decided to return to port. During this operation, the smaller ships of the Carthaginian fleet blockaded the entrance to the port, forcing the Roman vessels very close into shallower waters.

Many of the smaller Carthaginian vessels were sunk, but at dawn, a majority had made it successfully back to port. This victory for the Carthaginian navy was not enough to break the blockade by the Roman navy.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Nowaczyk, Bernard (2008). Kartagina 149-146 (in Polish). Warsaw: Bellona. ISBN 83-111-1270-3.
  • Appian of Alexandria, The Punic Wars, "The Third Punic War"