Battlegore Burial Chamber

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Battlegore Burial Chamber
Battlegore Burial Chamber is located in Somerset
Battlegore Burial Chamber
Battlegore Burial Chamber shown within Somerset
Location Williton, Somerset, England
Coordinates 51°9′58.04″N 3°19′32.74″W / 51.1661222°N 3.3257611°W / 51.1661222; -3.3257611Coordinates: 51°9′58.04″N 3°19′32.74″W / 51.1661222°N 3.3257611°W / 51.1661222; -3.3257611
Built During the Bronze Age
Architectural style(s) British pre-Roman Architecture
Official name: Battlegore Burial Chamber
Designated March 14, 2000[1]
Reference no. 33704[2]

Battlegore Burial Chamber is a Bronze Age burial chamber located in Williton, Somerset. It is composed of three round barrows and possibly a long, chambered barrow.[1] The site was excavated in 1931 by George Gray.[1][3][4] The name "Battlegore" comes from this site being attributed to the location of a Danish raid in 918 AD[2][5] or 988 AD.[5] At least as early as the 14th century, the site was referred to as "Bytelgore", a predecessor of the word "Battlegore".[5] Along with three nearby round barrows it has been scheduled as an ancient monument.[6]

Description[edit]

The most northernly of the barrows is around 18 metres (59 ft) in diameter and 1 metre (3.3 ft) high.[7] It is partially surrounded by a shallow ditch with a radius of 45 metres (148 ft).[1] 20 metres (66 ft) east of this barrow is a small mound about 6.5 metres (21 ft) wide and 25 centimetres (9.8 in) high. Gray found four other mounds in addition to this small one, but he was unable to find anything that would indicate the importance of these small mounds.[7] A large urn, found 6.1 metres (20 ft) to the east of the center of the barrow, contained the cremated remains of a human.[7]

Just south of this is another one of the three major round barrows, and it was around 2.4 metres (8 ft) high as of 1969.[8] Between this and the southernmost of the three major barrows is a ring ditch, which might be another barrow.[9] The final, southernmost barrow is around 27 metres (89 ft) in diameter and 1.8 metres (5.9 ft) in height. Unlike the previous barrow, this one has not been ploughed, and as such it is in better condition.[10]

The chambered barrow is composed of three stones. The largest is 3.1 metres (10 ft) long, 1.2 metres (3.9 ft) wide, and .7 metres (2.3 ft) deep; the second-largest is 1.6 metres (5.2 ft) long, .8 metres (2.6 ft) wide, and .5 metres (1.6 ft) deep; and the smallest is 1 metre (3.3 ft) long, .5 metres (1.6 ft) wide, and .3 metres (0.98 ft) deep.[7] According to legend, the devil and a giant's quarrel caused these stones to be thrown there.[2][11]

Artifacts[edit]

Neolithic pottery and flint artifacts have been found at this site.[7] Archaeologists also found bronze items, including a "knife dagger", a broken dagger, a rapier, a spearhead, and a winged axe.[1][2] A field of Mesolithic flint artifacts has been found to the north of Battlegore.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Monument No. 188542". National Monuments Record. English Heritage. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Burial Chamber, Battlegore, Williton". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset Government. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "Excavation (1931), Battlegore barrow cemetery, Williton". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset Government. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  4. ^ Morgan, Vicky. "Battlegore". Burial Chamber (Dolmen) in England in Somerset. Megalithic Portal. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d Gathercole, Clare (2003). An Archaeological Assessment of Williton (PDF) (Report). Somerset City Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  6. ^ "Round barrow cemetery at Battle Gore immediately west of North Road". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Barrow, Battle Gore, Williton". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset Government. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  8. ^ "Barrow, Battle Gore, Williton". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset Government. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  9. ^ "Ring ditch, Battle Gore, Williton". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset Government. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  10. ^ "Barrow, Battle Gore, Williton". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset Government. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  11. ^ Grinsell, L. V. (1976). Folklore of Prehistoric Sites in Britain. p. 98. 

External links[edit]