Malacca International Airport

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Malacca International Airport

Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Melaka
New Malacca Airport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerKhazanah Nasional
OperatorMalaysia Airports Holdings Berhad
ServesMalacca, Malaysia
LocationBatu Berendam, Malacca, Malaysia
Time zoneMST (UTC+08:00)
Elevation AMSL40 ft / 12 m
Coordinates02°15′47″N 102°15′09″E / 2.26306°N 102.25250°E / 2.26306; 102.25250Coordinates: 02°15′47″N 102°15′09″E / 2.26306°N 102.25250°E / 2.26306; 102.25250
Maps
Malacca state in Peninsular Malaysia , Malaysia
Malacca state in Peninsular Malaysia , Malaysia
MKZ /WMKM is located in Peninsular Malaysia
MKZ /WMKM
MKZ /WMKM
MKZ /WMKM is located in Malaysia
MKZ /WMKM
MKZ /WMKM
MKZ /WMKM (Malaysia)
MKZ /WMKM is located in Southeast Asia
MKZ /WMKM
MKZ /WMKM
MKZ /WMKM (Southeast Asia)
MKZ /WMKM is located in Asia
MKZ /WMKM
MKZ /WMKM
MKZ /WMKM (Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
03/21 2,135 7,005 Asphalt
Statistics (2020)
Passenger29,424 (Decrease 78.3%)
Airfreight (tonnes)Steady
Aircraft movements37,998 (Decrease 27.0%)
Source: official web site[1]
AIP Malaysia[2]

Malacca International Airport (IATA: MKZ, ICAO: WMKM) (formerly known as Batu Berendam Airport is an airport located in Batu Berendam, Malacca, Malaysia. The airport serves the state of Malacca, as well as northern Johor. The 7,000 m2 (75,000 sq ft) terminal complex is equipped with international-standard amenities that can handle 1.5 million passengers annually. The airport's 2135m runway allows Boeing 737 and Airbus A320 operations.

History[edit]

The airport, which occupies 141 acres (0.57 km2) of land, was built in 1952.

The airport and particularly its control tower bears historical significance as it was the same tower which guided the plane of Tunku Abdul Rahman, the first Prime Minister of Malaysia, to land from London on 20 February 1956. It was in Malacca that Tunku announced the date for the independence of then Malaya from the United Kingdom. Considering the historical nature of this control tower, the Chief Minister of Malacca, Mohd Ali Rustam is attempting to save the tower, by either relocating it, or by changing plans to incorporate the tower.[3]

Between 2008 and 2014, the airport was served by Sky Aviation which operated flights from Pekanbaru 5 times per week.[4] Flights ceased in 2014 when Sky Aviation suspended all operations.

"The state government is also discussing with Firefly and AirAsia to serve various routes via the Malacca Airport".[5]

Malaysia's hybrid airline, Malindo Air, launched four-weekly flights from the Malacca International Airport to Penang, Malaysia and Pekanbaru, Indonesia on 4 November 2014.

In 2016, Indonesia's hybrid airline, XpressAir launched four-weekly flights from the Malacca International Airport to Pekanbaru, Indonesia on 29 April 2016. China Southern Airlines launched an inaugural charter flight from Malacca International Airport to Guangzhou, China on 29 September 2016. By the end of 2016, China Southern Airlines stopped charter flights to Malacca.

The airport is also used as the base of the Malaysian Flying Academy (MFA), which has been operating out of the airport since 1987.

AirAsia group chief executive officer Tan Sri Tony Fernandes said he had discussed with Transport Minister Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai in Putrajaya on 29 June 2016 for the potential of turning the Malacca International Airport into a Low-cost terminal. Fernandes said AirAsia wanted to use the Malacca airport but had been unable to convince MAHB to allow AirAsia to use the airport.[6]

AirAsia marked the arrival of its inaugural flight from Penang to the historical state of Malacca on 1 July 2019.[7]

New terminal entrance

New terminal[edit]

Construction of a new terminal started on 1 April 2006. The runway was upgraded from 1,372 m × 37 m (4,501 ft × 121 ft), to 2,045 m × 45 m (6,709 ft × 148 ft) and is now 2,135 m × 45 m (7,005 ft × 148 ft), allowing Boeing 737 and Airbus A320 aircraft to take off. The terminal complex was replaced by a new 7,000 m2 (75,000 sq ft) terminal equipped with international-standard amenities. The control tower was replaced and complemented with advanced aeronautical devices. Both ends of the runway now contain facilities to guide night landing and better assure safety in bad weather conditions.

In May 2009, the new terminal was officially opened. The new terminal could handle 1.5 million passengers annually as opposed to the 30,000 of the old terminal. The airport was visited by the Prime Minister of Malaysia, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak in February 2010. In his visit, he officially renamed the airport Malacca International Airport.

Facilities[edit]

APR-Aerospace Engineering has built a hangar in Malacca International Airport which can accommodate Boeing 737 or Airbus A320 for Aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services, Aircraft modification and retrofits, Aircraft technical handling and ground support services, Aircraft spare support and pooling, Technical training on aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul and Structured On-the-Job Training for APR-ATC's TAME program. The hangar was completed in April 2016.

The major facilities that are found in this airport include taxi services, gift shops, cafe, duty-free outlets, conference rooms, multi-purpose meeting and event centre, wheelchair service, staff assistance and free WiFi internet access.

Malacca International Airport is one of the seven airports in Malaysia that provide e-Visa facilities for Chinese tourists from September 2016 onwards.

Expansion and developments[edit]

In August 2015, Prime Minister of Malaysia, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak announce that federal government is mulling a proposal to expand the Malacca International Airport, particularly in conjunction with the recent Cabinet endorsement of the southern state's "twin state" status with China's Guangdong city. Malacca International Airport will upgrade its runway, apron, aerobridge and taxiway.

In October 2016, Transport Minister Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai said Malacca International Airport in Batu Berendam here may be relocated to accommodate larger aircraft like the Boeing 777. Liow said a decision will be reached by end of 2016 whether to move the airport to another location or remain at its present site based on the recommendation from an aviation consultant.[8]

On 30 January 2017, State Transport, Project Rehabilitation and International Trade Committee chairman Datuk Lim Ban Hong said the runway of MIA will be extended to 2,500m following the decision by the Federal Government to extend the runway in a bid to accommodate larger aircraft without the need for land acquisitions while the work is expected to be completed in a short span of time. Expansion of Malacca International Airport will be completed in 2019.

On 27 November 2017, Malacca CM Idris Haron said Malacca International Airport is expected to upgrade next year (2018) with upgrade cost of RM74million (Under RM ke-11). The runway will upgrade from 2135m to 2665m and will build the taxiway and expand the apron as well.

On 20 September 2018, Malacca CM Adly Zahari announced that Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad (MAHB) will introducing a five-year rebate on passenger service charge (PSC) for flights from the Malacca International Airport (LTAM). Aside from the rebates, Adly said airline companies operating from LTAM will also be exempted from paying landing charges for a year. According to MAHB, the incentive was introduced as part of the group's efforts in working with the state government and airlines to promote tourism in the country.

Traffic and statistics[edit]

Annual passenger numbers and aircraft statistics
Year Passengers
handled
Passenger
% change
Cargo
(metric tonnes)
Cargo
% change
Aircraft
movements
Aircraft
% change
2009 18,576 Steady 127 Steady 54,160 Steady
2010 21,687 Increase 16.7 144 Increase 13.4 60,811 Increase 12.3
2011 21,261 Decrease 2.0 139 Decrease 3.5 53,702 Decrease 11.7
2012 34,352 Increase 61.6 195 Increase 40.3 48,881 Decrease 9.0
2013 21,637 Decrease 37.0 N/A Steady 36,978 Decrease 24.4
2014 14,178 Decrease 58.7 N/A Steady 23,747 Decrease 35.8
2015 69,710 Increase 391.7 N/A Steady 19,800 Decrease 16.6
2016 58,703 Decrease 15.8 N/A Steady 35,252 Increase 78.0
2017 62,076 Increase 5.8 N/A Steady 37,867 Increase 7.4
2018 52,493 Decrease 15.4 N/A Steady 33,333 Decrease 12.0
2019 135,569 Increase 158.3 0.4 Steady 52,072 Increase 56.2
2020 29,424 Decrease 78.3 N/A Steady 37,998 Decrease 27.0
Source: Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Malacca International Airport at Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad
  2. ^ WMKM – MALACCA at Department of Civil Aviation Malaysia
  3. ^ "Malacca CM in bid to save airport tower", The Star, 30 August 2007
  4. ^ "Air Asia di Melaka", "Mohd Ali Rustam's blog", 28 August 2008
  5. ^ http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2014/07/14/melaka-government-woos-airlines-in-vain/
  6. ^ "AirAsia to invest RM20mil to promote klia2".
  7. ^ "AirAsia welcomes inaugural flight to Malacca".
  8. ^ "Liow: Status of Malacca airport to be known by year-end | Malay Mail". 24 June 2022.
  9. ^ "Malaysia Airports: Airports Statistics 2020" (PDF). malaysiaairports. 2 April 2021. Retrieved 5 October 2021.

External links[edit]