Batucada is a substyle of samba and refers to an Afran-influenced Brazilian percussive style, usually performed by an ensemble, known as a bateria. Batucada is characterized by its repetitive style and fast pace.
The wide variety of instruments used in a batucada include:
- Repinique, a high-pitched tom-tom like drum played with a single stick (or two long sticks) and the hand. Traditionally the leader of the ensemble uses the repinique (also referred to as 'repique') to direct and solo.
- Surdo, a large drum with an average size of 50 cm in diameter. It provides the downbeat, the bass downbeat of the rhythm. When only one surdo is playing, it accentuates the 2nd and 4th beat of every measure. When a second surdo is playing, it is tuned slightly higher and is played accentuating the first and third beats of the measure. A third surdo de terceira or Surdo-mor syncopates in between the beats.
- Tamborim, a small drum usually played with a stick or a multi-pronged plastic beater.
- bells (agogô).
- Chocalho (Ganzá, Rocar, and shakers of various types and materials).
- Caixa de guerra, a deeper snare drum w/ wires on batter head and Tarol, a thinner snare drum.
- Cuica, a single headed drum with a stick mounted inside the drum body, perpendicular to the head. The instrument is played by rubbing a damp cloth along the length of this stick, while pressing the head of the drum with a finger or thumb. The harder to the stick the finger is pressed, the higher the pitch of the sound is produced. The cuica creates a unique sound, which can sometimes sound like a human voice.
- timbal, a long cone-like drum that is used to produce both high & low tones in the ensemble. It is usually played with hands and creates a similar timbre as the West African Djembé.
- Pandeiro, similar to a tambourine and played sometimes elaborately with the hand. Unlike the tambourine, the pandeiro can be tuned.
- Reco-reco (known in Spanish as the güiro), a usually hollow wooden instrument with a ridged exterior surface that is scraped with a stick.
- Apito, a small plastic, metal or wooden whistle.
- Batucada Suite performed by Teena Marie, Written by Teena Marie from the Album Emerald City.
- Celebration Suite performed by Airto, written by Hugo Fattoruso.
- Portela performed by Pai Benê, Queimou O Pé.
- Batucada Surgiu by Marcos Valle, Sérgio Mendes's cover of which appeared on Look around.
- The Obvious Child from Paul Simon's album The Rhythm of the Saints is an example of the sound of the samba-Afro style, exemplified by the Bahian group Olodum.
- Samba-Afro style also shown on "El Matador" from the Argentine band Los Fabulosos Cadillacs, a rhythm inspired by Samba-reggae from Bahia, Brazil.
- Kiss of Life by British band Friendly Fires also features a batucada instrumentation in the background playing a funk beat.
- Batucada performed by Japanese artist Towa Tei with vocals by Bebel Gilberto combines the old style of Batucada with the sound of synthesizers and samplers.
- Ara Ketu
- Ilê Aiyê
- Malê Debalê
- Swing do Pelo
- El Niño batucada
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- Batucada Carioca, Toronto, Canada
- Pan de Azucar Batucada Alicante, Spain
- SagreSamba Percussió in La Sagrera, Barcelona,Catalonia
- Trokobloco Batucada Zaragoza, Spain
- The Best Batucada in El Salvador
- World Samba Home Page
- Tumbata Batucada(Spain)
- Samba in France
- One of the first formal definitions (1997)
- Samba in the USA
- Samba in Israel
- Morro 16, Dublin, Ireland
- Markatú Batucada in Sitges, Barcelona (Spain)
- Batucada in Madrid (Spain)
- Zacatum Batucada Madrid
- Dautaka Batucada Tenerife, Spain
- Festimbal Batucada Barcelona, Spain
- Escola Popular Neudientendorf, Germany
- Escola Popular Band in Lodz, Poland
- Samb'acho Batucada - Alicante, Spain
- sambaobab - French batucada (samba reggae), near Lyon
- Zürich School of Samba - Batucada (Samba Enredo), Zürich, Switzerland