|Oblast of Russian Empire|
Coat of arms
|•||Treaty of San Stefano||20 September 1878|
|•||Kutais Governorate||12 June 1883|
|•||Kutais Governorate||17 March 1903|
|•||Proclamation of PNGSC||1918|
|•||1897||61,092 km2 (23,588 sq mi)|
|Density||2.4 /km2 (6.1 /sq mi)|
The Batum Oblast was an oblast (province) of the Caucasus Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire, with the maritime city of Batum as its center. It roughly corresponded to most of present-day southwestern Georgia. It was created out of the territories of the former Ottoman Sanjak of Batum (occupied by the Ottomans since the late 16th century).
As of 1897, the total population of the Batum and Artvin Okrugs, which would later form the Batum Oblast, was 144,584. Kartvelians, including primarily the Adjarians, then-mostly Muslim Georgian group, constituted 43.5% of the population. Turks constituted the second largest group at 30.8% and were mostly concentrated in the Artvin area (today the Artvin Province of Turkey due to the Treaty of Kars). Significant minorities included Armenians, Russians, and Caucasus Greeks.
- Includes population figures for the Batum and Artvin Okrugs, which would form the Batum Oblast by 1917. "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". Demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2017-04-18. and "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". Demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2017-04-18.