Baubigny is located some 12 km south-west of Beaune and 8 km north-east of Chagny. Access to the commune is by the D111D from La Rochepot in the south which goes to the village then continues east to join the D973 on the eastern border of the commune. The D906 passes along the western border and the north of the commune as it goes from Saint-Aubin to Ivry-en-Montagne. The D171 goes north from the village to join the D17 just north-east of the commune. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Évelle and Orches. The commune is almost all farmland with a few patches of forest.
The Ruisseau des Cloux flows north-east through the south-eastern corner of the commune and continues to join the Dheune south of Merceuil.
In 2010 the commune had 222 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Théodore Monod (1902-2000), scientific naturalist, explorer, scholar and French humanist. From 1980 to 1999 he came to Baubigny every year. The Foyer Rural was funded by Théodore-Monod. There is also a Théodore-Monod footpath.
Léon Fichot, champion cyclist, was born in Baubigny on 12 October 1906.
^At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.