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Bauffremont is a French family which derived its name from a village in the Vosges, outside of Orléans, now spelt Beaufremont. The family traces itself to Liébaud, sire de Bauffremont, in 1090. They are descended from the female line of the Courtenay.
In consequence of an alliance with the house of Vergy, the Bauffremonts established themselves in Burgundy and Franche-Comté. In 1448 Pierre de Bauffremont, lord of Charny, married Marie, a legitimized daughter of Philip the Good, duke of Burgundy. In 1527 the family acquired by marriage the properties of the Vienne-Listenois family.
On June 8, 1757 Louis de Bauffremont (1712–1769) was made a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire (inheritable by all male-line descendants); on August 21 and September 27 this title was recognised in France.
The last male member of the French Courtenays committed suicide in 1727. However his sister married Louis de Bauffremont, and their descendants assumed the dubious title of Prince de Courtenay, which they bear to this day.
Alexandre Emmanuel Louis de Bauffremont - Courtenay (1773–1833), son of Louis served under the Bourbons. He fled France during the French Revolution and settled in the United States. He later returned to France and was made a Count of the French Empire by Napoleon. Louis XVIII made him a peer of France in 1817, and duke in 1818.
The current head of the house, Prince Jacques de Bauffremont-Courtenay, 8th Duke of Bauffremont (born 1922), is the president of the Institut de la Maison de Bourbon, the organisation which supports the claims of Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou to the throne of France. His sister Princess Claude de Bauffremont-Courtenay was honorary superintendent of the houses of education of the Legion of Honour.
The head of the house uses the following titles: prince-duc de Bauffremont, prince de Courtenay et de Carency, prince et marquis de Listenois et de Marnay, comte et duc de Pont de Vaux, vicomte de Marigny et de Salins, cousin du roi. The cadet members of the house use the titles, prince de Bauffremont, prince de Marnay.
Two members of the family have been members of the Order of the Golden Fleece: Louis Bénigne, Marquis of Bauffremont and Prince de Listenois (1684–1755) in 1711 and Charles Roger, Prince of Bauffremont-Listenois (1713–1795) in 1789.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bauffremont". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 539.
- L'Institut de la Maison de Bourbon
- Hubert Cuny and Nicole Dreneau, Le Gotha français: état présent des familles ducales et princières (depuis 1940) L'intermédiaire des chercheurs et curieux, Paris, page 31.