Bauhinia tomentosa

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Yellow bauhinia
Flower of YBO.jpg
flowers of yellow bauhinia
Scientific classification
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B. tomentosa
Binomial name
Bauhinia tomentosa
Synonyms[1]
  • Alvesia bauhinioides Welw.
  • Alvesia tomentosa (L.) Britton & Rose
  • Bauhinia pubescens DC.
  • Bauhinia tomentosa var. glabrata Hook. f.
  • Bauhinia volkensii Taub.
  • Bauhinia wituensis Harms
  • Pauletia tomentosa (L.) A.Schmitz
yellow bell orchid tree leaves

Bauhinia tomentosa, the yellow bauhinia[2] or yellow bell orchid tree, is a species of legume in the family Fabaceae. It is found in South Africa, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Tropical Africa, India and Sri Lanka.[3] The plant is known to have antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria.[4][5]

Description[edit]

Yellow bauhinia is a small tree with a maximum height of 4m.[6] It has drooping slender branches with a scrambling stem usually is multi-stemmed. Greyish bark is smooth and sometimes hairy, which gives its specific name tomentosa. Greenish leaves are deeply divided and elliptic in nature; margin entire. Flowers bell-shaped with large, yellow petals with a dark maroon patch at the base. Fruit pale-brown is a pod.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/ild-833
  2. ^ "PlantFiles: Yellow Bauhinia, Yellow Bell Orchid Tree". Dave's Garden. Retrieved 2017-08-04.
  3. ^ "Bauhinia tomentosa | Plantz Africa". www.plantzafrica.com. Retrieved 2019-07-20.
  4. ^ Dugasani, S; Balijepalli, MK; Tandra, S; Pichika, MR (2010). "Antimicrobial activity of Bauhinia tomentosa and Bauhinia vahlii roots". Pharmacogn Mag. 6 (23): 204–7. doi:10.4103/0973-1296.66937. PMC 2950383. PMID 20931080.
  5. ^ Kannan, N; Renitta, RE; Guruvayoorappan, C (2010). "Bauhinia tomentosa stimulates the immune system and scavenges free radical generation in vitro". J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol. 21 (2): 157–68. doi:10.1515/jbcpp.2010.21.2.157. PMID 20853598.
  6. ^ "Bauhinia tomentosa, Yellow Bauhinia, Shrub,". Plant Information. Retrieved 2017-08-04.
  7. ^ http://www.worldagroforestry.org/treedb/AFTPDFS/Bauhinia_tomentosa.PDF