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Baula, July 2006
Highest point
Elevation 934 m (3,064 ft)
Coordinates 64°53′N 21°24′W / 64.883°N 21.400°W / 64.883; -21.400Coordinates: 64°53′N 21°24′W / 64.883°N 21.400°W / 64.883; -21.400
Baula is located in Iceland
Age of rock 3.4 million years
Mountain type Laccolith

Baula is a mountain situated in the west of Iceland near Route 1, Bifröst University, and the craters of Grábrók. The mountain’s reddish or orange hue is caused by its rhyolite rock composition.

The mountain Baula

Geologically, the mountain is a laccolith,[1] a type of igneous intrusion. It was formed 3.4 million years ago.[2]

Baula is characterized by its almost perfect cone. Nearby is Baula’s “little sister,” a mountain called Litla-Baula, where rare columns of rhyolite are found. Together, Baula and Litla-Baula have often been described as Iceland's most beautiful pair of mountains.


  1. ^ Gudmundsson A., Pasquarè F.A., Tibaldi A. (2014) Dykes, Sills, Laccoliths, and Inclined Sheets in Iceland in Advances in Volcanology, Berlin, Springer, Figure 5b.
  2. ^ Johannesson, Haukur (1975) Structure and petrochemistry of the Reykjadalur central volcano and the surrounding areas, Midwest Iceland, Doctoral thesis, Durham University.
  • Hróarsson, Björn (1994) Á ferð um landið, Borgarfjörður og Mýrar, Mál og menning ISBN 9979-3-0657-2 (in Icelandic)

See also[edit]