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The church in Baulou
The church in Baulou
Location of Baulou
Baulou is located in France
Baulou is located in Occitanie
Coordinates: 43°01′01″N 1°32′03″E / 43.0169°N 1.5342°E / 43.0169; 1.5342Coordinates: 43°01′01″N 1°32′03″E / 43.0169°N 1.5342°E / 43.0169; 1.5342
CantonVal d'Ariège
IntercommunalityPays de Foix
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Nathalie Esquinol
14.62 km2 (5.64 sq mi)
 • Density12/km2 (30/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
09044 /09000
Elevation393–655 m (1,289–2,149 ft)
(avg. 490 m or 1,610 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Baulou is a commune in the Ariège department in the Occitanie region of south-western France.[2]

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Baulouais or Baulouaises.[3]


Baulou is located in the Pre-Pyrenees in the Plauntaurel Mountains and a part of the Parc naturel régional des Pyrénées ariégeoises some 12 km south by south-west of Pamiers and 6 km north-west of Foix. Access to the commune is by the D1 road from Vernajoul in the south-east which passes through the commune and ends in the village. The D11 branches from the D117 south-west of the commune and passes through continuing north-east to Loubens. The D1a branches off the D11 in the commune and goes north-west to Aigues-Juntes. Apart from the village there is the hamlet of Clarac in the commune. The commune is mainly forest with some farmland along the D1 and in scattered parts.[4][5]

The Ruisseau d'Argentat rises north of the village and flows towards the north-west into a small artificial lake before continuing north-west to join the Lèze north-west of Aigues-Juntes. Many streams feed the left bank of the Ruisseau d'Argentat including the Goute de Chenaut which also forms the north-western border of the commune, the Freyché, the Goute de Tariol, the Goute du Peyfourcat, and the Goute du Gouas. The Ruisseau de Carol flows from the south to the village then continues north to join the Ruisseau de la Plaine north of the commune. The Fajal rises in the north-east of the commune and flows south.[4][5]


Baulou appears as Boulou on the 1750 Cassini Map[6] and the same on the 1790 version.[7]


In 1901, during the building of the Foix - Saint Girons railway a mammoth was discovered and called the "Mammoth of Baulou" by the scientific community.[8] It was displayed in the hall of the Château de Foix departmental museum[9] before being transferred to the Parc pyrénéen de l'art préhistorique (Pyrenean park of prehistoric art) at Tarascon-sur-Ariège.[10]


List of Successive Mayors[11]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2014 Robert Baures
2014 2020 Nathalie Esquinol

(Not all data is known)


In 2010 the commune had 160 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
350 199 424 360 447 458 470 491 481
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
464 478 465 482 523 477 452 402 589
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
458 371 349 236 246 237 224 216 210
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
157 144 123 114 130 146 163 160 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

A Stone Cross with a five branched star referring to the Egyptian goddess Sothis
Population of Baulou

Sites and monuments[edit]

Statue of Madeleine in an artificial cave. Note the skull beneath the crucifix in her hand.
  • The Labouiche Subterranean River

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Baulou on Lion1906
  3. ^ Inhabitants of Ariège ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  4. ^ a b c Baulou on Google Maps
  5. ^ a b Baulou on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  6. ^ Boulou on the 1750 Cassini Map
  7. ^ Boulou on the 1790 Cassini Map
  8. ^ L. Bertrand, Discovery of a Mammoth Skeleton at Baulou, near Foix (Ariège), Bulletin of the Geological Society of France, 1901, Vol. 1, 187 pages, ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  9. ^ The Mammouth of Baulou restored from its ashes, Stéphane Marcelot, 20 May 2009 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  10. ^ Saint-Girons. To discover or rediscover, 17 May 2013, consulted on 21 December 2014 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  11. ^ List of Mayors of France ‹See Tfd›(in French)