Bauman Moscow State Technical University

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Bauman Moscow State Technical University
Московский государственный технический университет им. Н. Э. Баумана
Герб МГТУ имени Н. Э. Баумана.png
Motto«Мужество, Воля, Труд, Упорство!»
"Courage, will, labor, perseverance!"
TypePublic
Established1830; 193 years ago (1830)
PresidentАлександров Анатолий АлександровичRu[1]
RectorГордин Михаил ВалерьевичRu[2]
Academic staff
3,500
Students19,000 [3]
Postgraduates1,000
Address
2-nd Baumanskaya, 5
, ,
105005
,
55°45′57″N 37°41′5″E / 55.76583°N 37.68472°E / 55.76583; 37.68472Coordinates: 55°45′57″N 37°41′5″E / 55.76583°N 37.68472°E / 55.76583; 37.68472
CampusUrban
Websitewww.bmstu.ru
University rankings
Regional – Overall
QS Emerging Europe and Central Asia[4]25 (2022)

The Bauman Moscow State Technical University, BMSTU (Russian: Московский государственный технический университет им. Н. Э. Баумана (МГТУ им. Н. Э. Баумана)), sometimes colloquially referred as the Bauman School[5] or Baumanka (Russian: Ба́уманка) is a public technical university (Polytechnic) located in Moscow, Russia. Bauman University is a Russian technical university offering B.S., M.S & PhD degrees in various engineering fields and applied sciences.

History[edit]

Russian anniversary postage stamp with the Main Building of the Bauman University, 2005

Bauman University is the second oldest educational institution in Russia after Lomonosov Moscow State University (1755). In 1763, the Russian empress Catherine II founded the Educational Imperial House. On October 5th 1826, the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna issued a decree to establish "great workshops for different crafts with bedrooms, a dining room, etc." as a part of the Moscow Foundling Home in the German Quarter. All craft pupils were moved from the Orphanage there. On July 1st 1830, Emperor Nicholas I approved the Statute of Moscow Craft School. It was the inception of the first Russian technical university.

Russia's developing industry needed skilled labor in many trades with the aim of the new school being to train artisans with a theoretical background to improve and spread skills in various trades all over Russia. New school was created to teach crafts as well as basic sciences. In 1868 MCS was reorganized into the Imperial Moscow Technical School (IMTS) under the directorship of Victor Della-Vos. The main purpose of IMTS was to "educate construction engineers, mechanical engineers and industrial technologists".

The IMTS was financially supported by the Government and industrialists. Its management was democratic. A key feature of the new institution was its educational system called the "Russian method",[6] which unifies a broad and intensive theoretical preparation with a deep practical education closely connected with industries. The school participated in the Universal Exposition in 1873 in Vienna and the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition of 1876. It proved to be influential on John Daniel Runkle when he introduced manual training alongside theoretical training at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[7] It was also applied to other American technical universities.[8] Many scientists taught in IMTS, such as D. Mendeleev, N. Jukovsky, P. Chebychev, S. Chaplygin, A. Yershov, D. Sovetkin, F. Dmitriev, A. Letnikov, A. Gavrilenko.[citation needed]

In the Soviet period IMTS was renamed Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School (BMHTS), after revolutionary Nikolay Bauman. BMHTS continued education of engineers for machine and instrument building. In 1938, new military departments were created in MHTS such as tank, artillery, and ammunition. In 1948 a rocket department was added.[citation needed]

During the first half of the 20th century, Bauman University formed and founded more than 70 technical universities in the USSR. Some of them are now well known institutions, such as Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Moscow University of Civil Engineering, Moscow Chemical Institute, Moscow Communication and Informatics University, Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute TSAGI, and the Military Academy of Aviation Engineering Joukovski.[9]

On 27 July 1989 USSR State committee for peoples education conferred on Moscow Higher Technical School a name of Bauman Moscow Technical University (BMSTU). BMSTU was honored to be the first Russian technical university. Nearly 200,000 students graduated from the University. Most of them chose to become scientists or engineers in leading research centers, universities, private and government owned companies. Many of government officials, chief designers, CEOs of big enterprises, and cosmonauts are Bauman graduates.[citation needed]

Many Bauman University graduates are world-renowned: Sergei Korolev for the first satellite in space and first man and woman in space, Andrey Tupolev for the world first supersonic passenger plane, Nikolay Dollezhal for the world first civil nuclear plant, Vladimir Shukhov for the first method and the world first petrol cracking plant as well as for the first hyperboloid structures in architecture, Nikolay Zhukovsky for the foundation of aerodynamics and hydrodynamics sciences, Pavel Sukhoi for the foundation of Sukhoi Aerospace Design Bureau.[citation needed] Some of the specialized departments of BMSTU are located outside Moscow in cities of Moscow Oblast: Krasnogorsk (Russian: Красногорск), Reutov (Russian: Реутов), Korolyov (Russian: Королёв). There is also a large branch of the University in Kaluga (Russian: Калуга).

Bauman University today[edit]

Main Building of the Bauman University. View from the Yauza River side

The Bauman University is commonly regarded as one of Russia's most prestigious universities and has high entry requirements for its prospective students. The Bauman University is regularly ranked first in official government and business press rating.[10][11][12][13] The Bauman University also regularly occupies top 3 places in rating of alumni hunted by biggest Russian companies.[14][15] In 2011/2012 QS World University rankings, BMSTU ranked 379th overall[16] and 229th in Engineering & IT.[17]

The Bauman University has a National Research Center status, the financing of Bauman University is provided by a separate expense asset of Russian National Budget independently of Ministry of Education.[18] BMSTU is Skolkovo innovation center founder.[citation needed]

Educational programs[edit]

Educational and Laboratory Building of the BMSTU and the monument to Sergei Korolev

The admissions process includes exams on math, physics, and Russian. The university accepts one in ten applicants, which means that there are more than 30000 applicants.[19] More than 2,600 of them pass through two years of preparation courses, another 2,000 follow studies in high schools partners of Bauman University.[20] Participation in admission process requires a gage of original high school certificate which prevents applicants to take part in Lomonosov Moscow State University admission process at the same time.[21]

The academic year in this university begins on 1 September, and is divided into two terms (semesters). Students take exams at the end of each semester. The course of study lasts 6 years without interrupt for engineer specialist degree. But over the last few years the Bauman University has continued to integrate with the Bologna Process. And today some students learn using two step educational system. The first two years students study general engineering subjects. In the third year students begin to study specialized subjects.[citation needed] The university scientific library was founded in 1830.[citation needed]

Branches[edit]

Dmitrov[edit]

Eastern antenna of the BMSTU radio telescope near the Dmitrov Branch

The first order of the BMSTU Dmitrov Branch was bringing into service in 1965. In 1965–1973 – Suburban Educational and Science-Experimental Centre, in 1973-2000 - Educational-Experimental Centre.[22]

Kaluga[edit]

In 1959 BMSTU opened in Kaluga the branch for education of the industrial machine- and device engineering personnel. Nowadays the BMSTU Kaluga Branch is a technical institute of Kaluga region. It consists of 7 buildings. The Kaluga Branch is an educational-science- manufacturing complex, including: 5 departments (machine engineering technologies; design-mechanical; electronics, informatics and management; socioeconomic; fundamental science), military education department, computer bureau, library with reading-rooms, sport camp and sport pavilion.[citation needed]

Publishing[edit]

The Bauman University Publishing House was established in January, 1989[23] on the base of university publishing department.[citation needed] The first issue of Baumanets newspaper was printed on 18 February 1923. At that time the newspaper was called Udarnik. It has been printed for 90 years since then.[citation needed]

In 1990 Bauman Publishing House started issuing theoretical and applied broad-scoped "Vestnik MSTU". There are educational materials in different scientific areas: Physical and Mathematical sciences, Information and Computer science, Optics, Mechanical, Radio, Instrument and Power Engineering, Laser Technology, Economics, Law and other subjects.[citation needed]

Notable faculty and alumni[edit]

Departments[edit]

  • SPECIAL MACHINERY (SM)
    • SM-1 Space Vehicles and Carrier Rockets
    • SM-2 Aerospace Systems
    • SM-3 Ballistics and Aerodynamics
    • SM-4 High-accuracy Flight Units
    • SM-5 Autonomous Information and Control Systems
    • SM-6 Missile and Impulse Systems
    • SM-7 Special Robotics and Mechatronics
    • SM-8 Launch Rocket Complex
    • SM-9 Multipurpose Tracked Vehicles and Mobile Robots
    • SM-10 Wheel Vehicles
    • SM-11 Submarine Robots and Apparatus
    • SM-12 Technology of Manufacturing for Aerospace
    • SM-13 Composite Materials for Aerospace
  • INFORMATICS AND CONTROL SYSTEMS (IU)
    • IU-1 Automatic Control Systems for Flight Vehicles
    • IU-2 Gyroscopic Instruments and Systems for orientation, navigation and stabilization
    • IU-3 Information Systems and Telecommunications
    • IU-4 Electronic Equipment Design and Technology
    • IU-5 Automatic Information Processing and Control Systems
    • IU-6 Computer Systems, Complexes and Networks
    • IU-7 Software for Computers and Automation Systems
    • IU-8 Information Security
    • IU-9 Computer Design and Technology
  • MACHINE-BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES (MT)
    • МТ-1 Metal-Cutting Machine Tools
    • МТ-2 Tool Technics
    • МТ-3 Technologies of Mechanical Engineering
    • МТ-4 Metrology and Interchangeability
    • МТ-5 Casting Technology
    • МТ-6 Technologies of Processing by Pressure
    • МТ-7 Technologies of Welding and Diagnostics
    • МТ-8 Materials Technology
    • MT-9 Industrial Design
    • МТ-10 The Equipment and Technologies Flatting Rinks
    • МТ-11 Electronic Technologies in Mechanical Engineering
    • МТ-12 Laser Technologies in Mechanical Engineering
    • МТ-13 Technologies of Materials Processing
  • ROBOTICS AND COMPLEX AUTOMATION (RK)
    • RK-1 Engineering Drawing
    • RK-2 Theory of Mechanisms and Machines
    • RK-3 Bases of Machine Designing
    • RK-4 Lifting-, Transport-, Construction Machines
    • RK-5 Applied Mechanics
    • RK-6 Computer Aided Design and Engineering
    • RK-9 Computer Systems of Manufacture Automation
    • RK-10 Robotic Systems[25]
  • POWER ENGINEERING (E)
    • E-1 Rocket Engines
    • E-2 Piston Engines
    • E-3 Gas Turbine Plants and Nonconventional Power Installations
    • E-4 The Refrigerating, Cryogenic Technics, Central Airs and Life-support
    • E-5 The Vacuum and Compressor Technics
    • E-6 Thermophysics
    • E-7 Nuclear Reactors and Installations
    • E-8 Plasma Power Installations
    • E-9 Ecology and Industrial Safety
    • E-10 Hydromechanics, Hydromachines and Hydro-Pneumoautomatics
  • RADIOELECTRONICS AND LASER TECHNOLOGIES (RL)
    • RL-1 Radio-Electronic Systems and Devices
    • RL-2 Laser and Optic-Electronic Systems
    • RL-3 Optic-Electronic Devices for Scientific Research
    • RL-4 Theoretical Bases of Electrotechnology
    • RL-5 Subunits of Apparatus Devices
    • RL-6 Technologies of Device Making
  • BIOMEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES (BMT)
    • BMT-1 Biomedical Technical Systems
    • BMT-2 Medic-Technical Information Technologies
    • BMT-3 Valeology
    • BMT-4 Medic-Technical Management
  • FUNDAMENTAL SCIENCES (FN)
    • FN-1 Higher Mathematics
    • FN-2 Applied Mathematics
    • FN-3 Theoretical Mechanics
    • FN-4 Physics
    • FN-5 Chemistry
    • FN-7 Electronic Engineering and Industrial Electronics
    • FN-11 Calculus Mathematics and Mathematical Physics
    • FN-12 Mathematical Modelling
  • ENGINEERING BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (EBM)
    • EBM-1 The Economic Theory
    • EBM-2 Economy and the Manufacture Organisation
    • EBM-3 Industrial Logistics
    • EBM-4 Organisation Management
    • EBM-5 Economy and Management at the Enterprise for Branches
    • EBM-6 Business and Foreign Trade Activities
    • EBM-7 Innovative Entrepreneurship
  • LINGUISTICS (L)
    • L-1 Russian
    • L-2 English Language for Instrument-Making Specialities
    • L-3 English Language for Machine-Building Specialities
    • L-4 Romano-Germanic Languages
  • SOCIAL AND THE HUMANITIES (SSH)
    • SSH-1 History
    • SSH-2 Sociology and Culturology
    • SSH-3 Political Science
    • SSH-4 Philosophy
  • JURISPRUDENCE (JUR)
    • JUR-1 Jurisprudence
    • JUR-2 Legal Expertise
  • Physical Education and Sanitation Department
  • Military Education Department

Branches and Other faculties[edit]

  • AK - Aerospace
  • OEP - Optic-Electronic Device Engineering
  • PS - Device Engineering
  • RKT - Space-Rocket Technics
  • RT - Radio-Technical
  • GUIMC – Lead Educational, Research and Methodical Vocational Rehabilitation Centre for Individuals with Health Disabilities

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Официальный веб-сайт МГТУ им Н. Э. Баумана". Archived from the original on 11 June 2012.
  2. ^ "Выборы ректора МГТУ им. Н. Э. Баумана". Archived from the original on 11 June 2012.
  3. ^ "Сведения об образовательной организации". bmstu.ru. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  4. ^ "QS World University Rankings-Emerging Europe & Central Asia". Retrieved 15 January 2023.
  5. ^ From 1868 till 1898 Bauman University was called : Imperial Moscow Technical School, and Superior Moscow Technical School
  6. ^ "История". Bmstu.ru. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  7. ^ Schenk, John P. (1984). The Life and Times of Victor Karlovich Della-Vos. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
  8. ^ "История". Bmstu.ru. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  9. ^ "История". Bmstu.ru. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  10. ^ "МГТУ имени Баумана – первый среди технических вузов". 5ballov.ru. Archived from the original on 15 April 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  11. ^ "Список ВУЗов :: Московский государственный технический университет им. Н.Э. Баумана (МГТУ им. Баумана)". Cmpk.ru. Archived from the original on 11 November 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  12. ^ Елена Новоселова (18 June 2004). "Куда вуз вывезет: Министерство образования и науки РФ составило новый рейтинг высших учебных заведений". Rossiyskaya Gazeta. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  13. ^ "Ъ-Власть – Лучшие из высших". Kommersant.ru. 18 June 2007. Archived from the original on 5 February 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  14. ^ "Ъ-Деньги – Самые востребованные российские вузы". Kommersant.ru. 21 April 2008. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  15. ^ Фото: Николай Цыганов / Коммерсантъ (21 April 2008). "Ъ-Деньги – Самые востребованные выпускники России". Kommersant.ru. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  16. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2011/12". Archived from the original on 22 December 2011.
  17. ^ "Bauman Moscow State Technical University. QS World University Rankings 2011/12". Archived from the original on 23 December 2011.
  18. ^ "12 российских вузов получат статус национальных исследовательских университетов". www.edu.ru. Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  19. ^ "Ректор МГТУ им. Баумана Игорь Федоров: Многие абитуриенты уже забыли, куда подали документы". Российская газета. 11 August 2009.
  20. ^ . 2 April 2012 https://web.archive.org/web/20120402174855/http://repetitors-moscow.ru/bileti//mgtu/MSTU.doc. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. ^ "Whois сервис". www.nic.ru.
  22. ^ "Дмитровский филиал (ДФ) МГТУ им". Archived from the original on 15 April 2009. Retrieved 16 October 2014.
  23. ^ "Издательство МГТУ им. Н.Э. Баумана". baumanpress.ru.
  24. ^ "Alexander Volkov | UFC". www.ufc.com. 14 September 2018.
  25. ^ "RK 10--Center of robotics". robot.bmstu.ru.

External links[edit]