Bauman Street, Kazan
Baumana Street (Russian: улица Баумана; Tatar: Bauman uramı/Бауман урамы) is a pedestrian street in the heart of Kazan, the capital of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. It is named after Nikolay Bauman, a Russian revolutionary, and is located in the central part of the city. The street starts at the foot of the Kremlin and reaches Tukay Square, the central square in the city.
Baumana Street is paved with multicoloured bricks; some benches and two lines of lanterns are set there. There are also planted lindens on the street. Different fairs and festive presentations are held on Baumana Street.
Baumana Street has long been regarded a trading centre and featured a concentration of the main mercantile establishments of the city. The street was the second most significant street of Kazan's central district. It was famous for its banks and notary offices, different shops, drugstores, and hotels. At the beginning of the twentieth century there was a shop in every building.
Baumana Street has existed since the 15th century. It ran from the Khan's Palace at the edge of the city. In ancient times the Nogayskaya Road was there. At the end of the 16th century, the street was named Prolomnaya and later it was renamed Bolshaya Prolomnaya. It was named for the two breaches of the Kremlin wall, which were made as the result of the explosions of the tower Nur-Ali and Lower Nogaysky gates during the siege of the Kremlin by the troops of Ivan the Terrible in 1552.
Later the street was named Bogoyavlenskaya (Epiphany) after the church, which was built in 1731-1756.
Famous Russian singer Fyodor Shalyapin was baptised in Bogoyavlenskaya Church. Nowadays there is a statue of Shalyapin on Baumana Street, near the church. It is the only such statue in the world.
Alley of Tatar Stars
In 2002, singer Salavat Fatkhutdinov proposed the creation of an "Alley of Tatar Stars" (Russian: Аллея татарских звезд), and the first stars were unveiled on August 29, 2003, on Kazan's City Day, honoring Alfiya Avzalova and Ilgam Shakirov, famous "estrada" singers. In 2004, the opera singer Khaydar Begichev received a star, and in 2005 the singers Munir Bulatov and Salavat Fatkhutdinov were honored.
- "The Names of Munira Bulatova and Salavat Fatkhutdinov Light up on the Alley of Stars in Kazan" (Russian: На Аллее звезд в Казани зажглись имена Муниры Булатовой и Салавата Фатхудтинова)
- Герман Напольский. (September 2, 2005). Kazan Alley of Stars augmented by new names (Russian: Казанская Аллея звезд пополнилась новыми именами)