Bauxite fibrosis

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Bauxite fibrosis
Bauxite with unweathered rock core. C 021.jpg
Bauxite with unweathered rock core
Classification and external resources
Specialty pulmonology
ICD-10 J63.1
ICD-9-CM 503

Bauxite pneumoconiosis, also known as Shaver's disease, corundum smelter's lung, bauxite lung or bauxite smelters' disease, is a progressive form of pneumoconiosis usually caused by occupational exposure to bauxite fumes which contain aluminium and silica particulates.[1]

It is typically seen in workers involved in the smelting of bauxite to produce corundum.[2]

Presentation[edit]

Initially, the disease appears as alveolitis, and then progresses to emphysema.[3]

Patients may develop pneumothorax (collapsed lung).

Diagnosis[edit]

Treatment[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tamotsu Takishima (1994-05-23). Basic and Clinical Aspects of Pulmonary Fibrosis. CRC Press. pp. 391–. ISBN 978-0-8493-8927-6. 
  2. ^ WYATT JP, RIDDELL AC (1949). "The morphology of bauxite-fume pneumoconiosis". Am. J. Pathol. 25 (3): 447–65. PMC 1942907Freely accessible. PMID 18127135. 
  3. ^ Lippincott (2012-11-05). Professional Guide to Diseases. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 1200–. ISBN 978-1-4511-7892-0.