This illustration shows a prototype Bavar 373 with cylindrical containers.
|Type||Air defense system|
|Place of origin||Iran|
|In service||Not in service as of Sept 2018|
Bavar-373 (Persian: باور-۳۷۳, meaning 'Belief') is an Iranian long-range road-mobile surface-to-air missile system unveiled in August 2016. Iran describes it as a competitor with the S-300 missile system. It is manufactured by the Iranian Defense Ministry in cooperation with unspecified local manufacturers and universities.
After the Russian ban on exporting S-300 to Iran (which was lifted in 2015), Iran decided to develop a similar system domestically: "We have planned to build a long-range air defense missile system similar to S-300. By God's grace and by the Iranian engineers' efforts, we will reach self-sufficiency in this regard."
Farzad Esmaieli, commander of Khatam-ol-Anbia Base told Iranian media that the development of this system started by the direct order of supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei when the first information about cancellation of S-300 contract was revealed and Iranian personnel were still being trained in Russia on it. He said the project was in the stage of prototype designing and that it was not going to suffer from the weak points of the S-300. He continued that in the area of detection and radars, a very good point was reached and defense ministry was working on two or three missiles each for a different range and altitude. He said that the design was complete, all the parts were going to be manufactured inside the country and it had a good ability to detect and intercept enemy aircraft. According to Iranian military sources, the system is much more capable than S-300P class.
The first prototype was built on November 22, 2011. Iran announced that the system was designed and built by defense ministry, domestic industries and some Iranian universities. Esmaieli said that Iran doesn't even think about S-300 anymore as Bavar-373 was much more capable. Iranian sources suggest that the Bavar 373 will be mobile, with four missiles loaded on each mobile truck launcher.
The Iranian defense ministry is due to equip the country's Armed Forces with a new long-range air-defense system by March 21, 2013, a senior Iranian military official announced on Saturday August 25, 2012. On 3 September 2012, Farzad Esmaili said that the development of the system was now 30 percent complete. On 1 January 2013, the same commander announced that the sub-systems of the homemade air-defense system are being tested in laboratory.
Esmaili updated his estimate in February 2014 and said the system would be ready by the end of 2015.
On August 21, 2016 Iran revealed components of long-awaited Bavar-373. According to Janes international: "Bavar-373 displayed on 21 August is clearly a unique Iranian system that appears to reflect extensive investment in its ability to develop phased array radars". The system shows vertical, rectangular launch canister with details suggesting a hot launch system (unlike cold launch used in system such as S-300).
In April 2015, Iran unveiled some of Bavar's subsystems, which include the Fakour commanding and smart control system which has the ability to collect information from all sources relevant to air defense, including passive and active military radars (such as the Mersad), signal surveillance, missile systems and commanding and control systems.
Bavar-373 will utilize Sayyad-4 missile, which are contained in two rectangular launch canisters. No formal information was given about this missile but it appears from news photos that Sayyad-4 is similar to Sayyad-3 in wings and control surfaces, however it varies lightly in frontal shape.
Bavar-373 uses a phased array radar for tracking aerodynamic targets and ballistic missiles in medium to long ranges, mounted on the ZAFAR heavy truck. One of the radars used in Bavar-373 is Meraj (Ascension), a phased array radar with range of 450 km which uses fuzzy logic techniques to spot targets. Meraj can track up to 200 targets simultaneously.
- Forecast International (11 September 2018) Iranian Officials Discuss Upcoming Military Systems.
- "Iran Unveils First Home-Made Turbojet Engine, Bavar 373 Air Defense System". Farsnews.com. 2016-08-21. Retrieved 2016-10-25.
- Cordesman, Anthony H. (23 January 2015). "Iran's Rocket and Missile Forces and Strategic Options". Rowman & Littlefield – via Google Books.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20111108094928/http://oneonline.ir/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2314&Itemid=35. Archived from the original on November 8, 2011. Retrieved January 2, 2012. Missing or empty
- "اس 300 ايراني بانام باور373". Tebyan.net. 1390-06-30. Retrieved 2012-12-22. Check date values in:
- "ساخت سامانه باور 373 توسط متخصصان ایرانی". Sarzaminkhabar.ir. 01 آذر 1390. Archived from the original on 2012-06-05. Retrieved 2012-12-22. Check date values in:
- "Iran to Boost Air-Defense Power with New Long-Range System Soon". Fars News Agency. 25 August 2012. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-22.
- "Iran completes 30 percent of missile defense system, says military official." Reuters, 3 September 2012.
- "Commander: Iran Testing Subsystems of Home-Made S-300 Air-Defense System". Farsnews. 2013-01-01. Archived from the original on 2013-01-04. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Aron Donzis (16 February 2014). "Iran says powerful air defense system to be ready in 2015". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
- "Iran unveils Bavar-373 long-range air-defence system". "Jane's 360". 24 August 2016. Archived from the original on 25 August 2016.
- "PressTV-Iran's version of S-300 system unveiled".
- "Iran plans fielding Bavar 373 air & missile defense system this year - Defense Update:". defense-update.com.
- Monitor Mideast (22 September 2012). "Iranian Army Introduces Zoljanah Heavy Duty Tactical 10x10 Truck" – via YouTube.
- "40 types of Iranian Radars". Mashregh News Agancy.[permanent dead link]
- "Iran shows off S300 lookalike, turbojet engine". 21 August 2016.
- "Iran unveils new home-made radars". 22 October 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bavar-373.|