Swinkels Family Brewers
|Jan-Renier Swinkels (Chairman/CEO)|
|Products||Beers, soft drinks, malt|
|Revenue||€ 659 million (2017)|
|€ 41.1 million (2017)|
|€ 36.4 million (2017)|
|Website||Swinkels Family Brewers|
Swinkels Family Brewers (formerly Bavaria Brewery) is a family business from Noord-Brabant in the Netherlands, that is active in the beer, soft drink and malt sector. The company is fully owned by the Swinkels family for seven generations. The head office is located in Lieshout and there are subsidiaries in twelve countries.
Swinkels Family Brewers is the second largest brewery company in the Netherlands after Heineken and one of the largest producers of malt in Europe. The business has a turnover of more than 650 million euros per year of which two thirds come from more than 130 countries outside the Netherlands. Within Europe, especially France, Belgium and Italy contribute to sales. More than a quarter of the turnover is achieved outside Europe, of which a large part in Ethiopia.
The business operates six brewery locations: two in the Netherlands, three in Belgium and one in Ethiopia. These breweries produced over 7.5 million hectolitres of beer in 2017. Furthermore beer is brewed under license in five countries. The group sells beer under several brand names, including Bavaria, Swinckels, La Trappe, and Rodenbach.
About 9 percent of the total beer production consists of alcohol-free and low-alcoholic beer (less than 3.5%). The share of beer in the 2017 turnover is almost 80 percent.
Swinkels Family Brewers owns two malt houses, one in Lieshout and one in Eemshaven. The annual capacity totals 245,000 tons of malt, a third of which is used by Swinkels Family Brewers itself. One third of the production is sold to third parties in Europe and one third goes to countries outside Europe, mainly to Latin America, South America and Japan. Sales of malt contribute to around thirteen percent of Swinkels Family Brewers sales.
The company produces approximately 830,000 hectoliters of soft drinks per annum, of which almost 95 percent as private label products. Swinkels Family Brewers itself uses the brand names 3ES and B52. The soft drink activities account for almost seven percent of total sales.
The history of Swinkels Family Brewers can be traced back to 1680. In that year Dirk Vereijken owned a brewery at the Kerkdijk (Church Dike Road) in Lieshout, proof of which can be found in an account of the municipal tax records of that year. This brewery was transferred from father to daughter for three consecutive generations. The names of the new brewing families were Van Moorsel and Moorrees. In 1764 Brigitta Moorrees married Ambrosius Swinkels. After her mother's death in 1773, Brigitta and her husband became the full owners of the brewery. Since then, the brewery has been owned by the Swinkels family.
For centuries the brewery only produced beer for the local market. It was not until the fourth generation of Swinkels took charge of the brewery that production was expanded. Jan Swinkels, born in 1851, started distribution to the city of Helmond at 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Lieshout in 1890. Sales rose from 988 hectolitres of beer in 1890 to 1,900 hectolitres in 1900. After the First World War distribution was expanded to other towns and villages in North Brabant. By 1923 output had increased to 3,325 hectolitres of beer. By that time the original brewery buildings had become too small so a larger brewery was built in Lieshout. On that occasion three brothers of the fifth generation of Swinkels took over leadership, and adopted the brand name Bavaria. This name indicated that the new plant was a bottom fermentation brewery, producing pale lager (Bavarian) beer.
Distribution was broadened to include Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht, the four largest cities of the Netherlands. In 1933 the brewery added its own bottling plant, which produced 2,000 bottles an hour. By 1940 a malt house was built. The output of the brewery at the beginning of the Second World War was approximately 40,000 hectolitres per annum, with an almost nationwide coverage in distribution.
In 1955 the company started manufacturing soft drinks under the brand name 3-ES. This name refers to the three Swinkels brothers of the fifth generation. In the postwar years beer consumption in the Netherlands had decreased to a very low level. It took the firm until 1959 to recover in terms of sales volume. In the sixties the company doubled its production capacity.
From 1973 onwards the company took an interest in the exporting business, first of all in Southern Europe. In the late seventies the firm introduced alcohol-free beer, that was exported to Islamic countries. By 1981 the total volume reached 1,000,000 hectolitres of beer. From the nineties onwards the business expanded into exclusive and seasonal beers. Moreover, the company started to adapt its drinks to individual markets. Consequently, export grew to cover 130 countries.
In 1999, the Trappist Koningshoeven Abbey, located in Berkel-Enschot, entered into an agreement with the Swinkels family to take over the daily operations of the monks' brewery within the abbey. The brewery, which operates as "De Koningshoeven NV", is a subsidiary of Swinkels Family Brewers, whilst the buildings and equipment remain in the ownership of the abbey. The monks remain the ultimate authority on the brewing process while Swinkels Family Brewers manages the commercial business. The beer is sold under the brandname La Trappe.
On May 10, 2016 it was announced that the company N.V. has taken a majority stake in the Belgian brewery Palm. Initially the firm acquires 60% of the shares and this will be expanded to 100% in 2021. In November 2016 the company acquired Latis Imports, establishing a dedicated US presence in one of its "five key regions".
In june 2018 it was decided to change the name of Bavaria to Swinkels Family Brewers. At the moment the management of the company consists of members of the seventh generation Swinkels.
Price fixing conviction
On April 18, 2007 The European Commission imposed punitive fines on three major European breweries for operating a price fixing cartel in the Netherlands. The three were Heineken (€219.3m), Grolsch (€31.65m) and Swinkels Family Brewers (€22.85m). A fourth participant in the cartel, InBev (formerly Interbrew), did not receive a penalty because it provided "decisive information" about the cartel's operations between 1996 and 1999, as well as about others in the European Union. These four brewers had control of 95% of the Dutch market, with Heineken claiming a half and the three others 15% each.
EU Competition Commissioner Neelie Kroes said she was "very disappointed" that the collusion took place at the very highest (boardroom) level. She stated, "This is simply unacceptable: that major beer suppliers colluded to up prices and to carve up markets among themselves. She added, "Heineken, Grolsch, Bavaria and InBev tried to cover their tracks by using code names and abbreviations for secret meetings to carve up the market for beer sold to supermarkets, hotels, restaurants and cafes. The price fixing extended to cheaper own-brand labels and rebates for bars.
World Cup Ambush Marketing campaigns
At the 2006 FIFA World Cup, Swinkels Family Brewers got up to 1,000 fans of the Dutch national football team to don orange overalls, called Leeuwenhosen, with the brewery's logo on them. The Leeuwenhosen were given away with the purchase of Swinkels Family Brewers products prior to the World Cup. However the action was deemed to be an act of ambush marketing by FIFA as Swinkels Family Brewers, which was not a corporate sponsor, had not paid any money to be an official event partner. With pre-warning from FIFA officials, staff at the game versus Ivory Coast asked fans to remove the overalls upon entrance to the game and provided orange replacement shorts without any logo.
During the 2010 FIFA World Cup, 36 women clad in orange miniskirts went to the Netherlands vs Denmark match in Johannesburg, using tickets supplied at least in part by British ITV pundit and ex-footballer Robbie Earle. Tournament officials evicted the group en masse from the stadium upon which they were arrested and held by the Police. They were released upon talks between the management of Swinkels Family Brewers and FIFA.
- Antoon Swinkels & Peter Zwaal: Bavaria: a biography of the brewery in Lieshout and the family that owns it (Lieshout: Bavaria, 2008). ISBN 978-0-9731100-3-6
- (in Dutch)"Swinkels Family Breweries N.V. Jaarverslag 2017" (PDF). Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- "Dutch brewer Bavaria to acquire Belgium's Palm". Reuters. May 10, 2016. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- "Dutch Brewer Bavaria N.V. Acquires Latis Imports". Brewbound. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
- "Bavaria company name changed into Swinkels Family Brewers". 2018-06-11. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
- Gow, David (April 18, 2007). "Heineken and Grolsch fined for price-fixing". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2007-08-01.
- Dutch fans given shorts for match (BBC News)
- Gysin, Christian (2010-06-17). "Two Dutch women arrested over 'orange mini-dress' stunt as ITV axes pundit Robbie Earle". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2010-06-17.
- Pylas, Pan (2010-06-17). "Girls in miniskirts expose FIFA weak point". USA Today. David Hunke, Gannett Company. Retrieved 2010-06-17.