Bavarian A IV

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Bavarian A IV
Number(s) Names and inventory nos.
Quantity 8
Manufacturer Maffei
Year(s) of manufacture 1852
Retired 1883 (one rebuilt in 1874)
Wheel arrangement 2-2-2
Axle arrangement 1A1 n2
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Length over buffers 12,459 mm
Service weight 27.9 t
Adhesive weight 11.5 t
Axle load 11.5 t
Top speed 70 km/h
Driving wheel diameter 1,524 mm
Leading wheel diameter 915 mm
Trailing wheel diameter 915 mm
No. of cylinders 2
Cylinder bore 381 mm
Piston stroke 559 mm
Boiler length 3,080 mm
Boiler Overpressure 7 bar
Grate area 1.21 m2
Evaporative heating area 73.20 m2
Tender 3 T 5
Water capacity 5.0 m3

Bavarian A IV engines were German 2-2-2 steam locomotives with the Royal Bavarian State Railways (Königlich Bayerische Staatsbahn).

The vehicles were developed for night journeys and operations on the North-South Railway. In order to increase the area of the evaporator, the boiler was increased in length to 3,080 mm and in diameter to 1,219 mm. In addition, the weight and the boiler overpressure were raised. These were the first engines to have an outside frame with outside cylinders. This class was used widely, especially in south Germany and in Austria. All the engines bar one were retired by 1883. The survivor was initially converted to a 0-6-0, and later a 0-4-2 wheel arrangement.

They were coupled to 3 T 5 tenders.

See also[edit]