Bavarian C I

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Bavarian C I
Bayerische C I Behaim Modell 1.jpg
Model of the C I "BEHAIM" in the Verkehrszentrum München
Quantity 5
Manufacturer Maffei
Year(s) of manufacture 1847-49
Retired 1885-95
Wheel arrangement 0-6-0
Axle arrangement C n2
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Length over buffers 12,401 mm
Empty weight 22 t
Service weight 24.9 t
Adhesive weight 24.9 t
Axle load 10.5 t
Top speed 40 km/h
Driving wheel diameter 1,069 / 1,098 mm
No. of cylinders 2
Cylinder bore 406 mm
Piston stroke 609 mm
Boiler Overpressure 5.6 / 10 bar
No. of heating tubes 160 / 119
Heating tube length 3860 3756
Grate area 0.39 / 0.91 m2
Evaporative heating area 72 / 56.7 m2
Tender 2 T 4.2
Water capacity 4.22 m3
Fuel 3 m3 coal
Where 2 sets of figures are shown, the second applies to the engine with its replacement boiler

Bavarian C Is were steam locomotives with the Royal Bavarian State Railways (Königlich Bayerische Staatsbahn).

They were the first six-coupled engines in Bavaria and were developed specially for the route between Neuenmarkt, Wirsberg and Marktschorgast. This route had inclines up to 1:40. The loco had an inside frame, a boiler barrel without a steam dome, an inside Stephenson valve gear, single-sided, suspended Taschenkulissen and a rectangular ballast tank on the boiler barrel to increase the adhesion effect. A total of five were built by Maffei. They were named: SCHARRER, BEHAIM, LEIBNIZ, SAALE and SCHNEEBERG. There is a finely detailed 1:10 scale model of BEHAIM in the Nuremberg Transport Museum.

They were equipped with Bavarian tenders of the class 2 T 4.2 type.


  • von Welser, Ludwig. Bayern Report, Band No. 4. Eisenbahn Journal Archiv. ISBN 3-922404-69-3. 

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