Bavent

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Bavent
Commune
The Lavoir
The Lavoir
Coat of arms of Bavent
Coat of arms
Bavent is located in France
Bavent
Bavent
Coordinates: 49°13′54″N 0°11′05″W / 49.2317°N 0.1847°W / 49.2317; -0.1847Coordinates: 49°13′54″N 0°11′05″W / 49.2317°N 0.1847°W / 49.2317; -0.1847
Country France
Region Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Cabourg
Intercommunality Campagne et Baie de L'Orne
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Jean-Luc Garnier
Area1 18.45 km2 (7.12 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 1,734
 • Density 94/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 14046 /14860
Elevation 2–66 m (6.6–216.5 ft)
(avg. 40 m or 130 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bavent is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France.[1]

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Baventais or Baventaises.[2]

Geography[edit]

Bavent is located on the northern edge of the Caen plain some 8 km north-east of Caen and 6 km south-west of Cabourg. Access to the commune is by the D513 road from Varaville in the north-east which passes through the commune just north of the village and contues south-west to Hérouvillette. Access to the village is by the D236 which comes from Amfreville in the north-west. The D224 branches from the D513 in the commune and goes west to the village and continues to Goustranville. The D95A goes north from the village to Gonneville-en-Auge while the D95 goes south to Troarn. The D37B branches from the D513 in the west of the commune and goes north to Bréville-les-Monts. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Chateau de Beneauville, Chef-de-Rue, Les Harnots, Grand Plain, La Ritachere, Le Prieure, La Petite Bruyere, Roncheville, and Robehomme. The commune is mostly farmland except for a large forest in the south.[3][4]

At 1845 hectares, the commune is the largest in the canton of Cabourg. Its highest point (66 m) is located in the west near a place called La Grande Bruyère. Its lowest point (2 m) is at the exit of the Dives from the commune.

Due to its proximity to the sea, Bavent enjoys an oceanic climate. The nearest weather station is 19 km away at Caen-Carpiquet.

The Dives river forms the south-eastern border of the commune as it flows north-east to join the ocean at Houlgate. The Divette rises in the commune and flows north to join the Dives. The Douet du Moulin du Pre rises in the commune and flows north-east to join the Divette north of Varaville. The Saint-Laurent stream flows from the south through the commune and continues to join the Divette just north of the commune. The Ruisseau du Bois de Bavent forms part of the southern border of the commune.[3][4]

Toponymy[edit]

Bavent is attested in the forms: Bavent in 1059,[5] Badvento in 1063,[5] and Batvent in 1066.[6]

The origin of this place name divides Toponymists:

  • Dauzat and Rostaing suggest bat vent meaning "a place where the wind blows"[6]
  • René Lepelley makes a similar hypothesis: that of an old mill whose "sails are blown by the wind".[7] There is fact a mill at Sénoville (Manche), called La Masse de Bavent.
  • Ernest Nègre proposes an explanation of Bavent from a German anthroponym Badvin.[5]

It is also possible to suggest the Celtic name -ent- Latinized to -entu (m) which is also found in Douvrend (Dovrent in the 12th century)[8] preceded by an unknown element in the absence of an older form. The same suffix has been identified in Nogent (Novientum, from novio meaning "new") and Drevant (Derventum from Dervo meaning "oak", cf. Breton derv also meaning "oak").

The name is homophonic with Bavans (Bavens 11th century, the name of a German man Bavo with the Germanic suffix -ingen Romanized to -ingos).

Robehomme is attested in the forms: Raimberti Hulmus in 1083, Rambertihulmus in 1149, and Robbehomme in 1190.[5]

The first element Robe- comes from the German anthroponym Raimbert. The second element -hommen is widespread in Normandy in this form with the hiatus (the h is aspirated): Le Homme (not l'homme cf. Saint-Quentin-sur-le-Homme). This is a toponomic appellative derived from Old Norse holmr meaning "island" or "meadow at the edge of the water". It also took the forms Houlme and Hom. Moreover there is a hamlet of Hom at Robehomme.

There is also a personal name associated with a Norse appellative topt giving -tot as in Raimbertot at Cauville-sur-Mer (Seine-Maritime).

Bavent appears as Bavent on the 1750 Cassini Map[9] and as Baven on the 1790 version.[10]

Robehomme appears as Robehomme on the 1750 Cassini Map[9] and as Robe homme on the 1790 version.[10]

History[edit]

In 1974 the commune of Bavent (984 inhabitants in 1968) merged with Robehomme (122 inhabitants in 1954).[11]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Bavent
The municipal council has modified the old coat of arms and made a logo which can no longer be defined with a blazon. The new emblem can be seen on the commune website by clicking here. The ancient arms of the commune are blazoned as follows:

Blazon:
Argent, a bendlet Gules charged with 4 Bavent pottery pieces of Or (a pot with 2 handles, a jug, a vase, and a flared collar pot) in bend between: in chief 3 jonquil flowers the same* set in orle, in base a heron contourned the same beaked and legged in Sable; in chief Or charged with an inscription in capitals BAVENT, at sinister Gules two lions passant guardant of Or one over the other.



Administration[edit]

Bavent Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[12]

From To Name Party Position
1956 1982 André Yvonnet Doctor
1983 2008 Joël Leroy Professor
2008 2020 Jean-Luc Garnier Administrative Officer

(Not all data is known)

Twinning[edit]

Bavent has twinning associations with:[13]

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 1,734 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
827 778 846 941 968 - 870 880 907
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
890 912 871 817 812 791 739 727 675
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
675 669 638 597 641 660 686 547 741
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
905 984 993 914 1,606 1,723 1,734 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Bavent
The Manoir Venoix

Economy[edit]

The Terreal Group has a tile production plant in the commune.

The Mesnil pottery of Bavent manufactures finials of Faience. It holds an Enterprise label of living heritage and its expertise is included in the inventory of intangible cultural heritage in France.[14]

Culture and heritage[edit]

The Chateau of Bavent
The Chateau of Béneauville
Saint Hilaire Church
The Robehomme Church

Civil heritage[edit]

  • The Manoir Venoix (17th century). In 1944 the mansion had significant damage and was renovated in 1948 with some additions and changes.[15]
  • The Pavilion of Pottery (1842).[15]

The commune has a number of buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Chateau of Bavent (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
  • The Château of Béneauville (1589)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • The Château of Béneauville ParkLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18] The Chateau contains a Clock (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which is registered as an historical object.[19]

Religious heritage[edit]

  • The Church of Saint Hilaire (12th century, much altered in the 19th century).[15]
  • The Church at Robehomme

Sports[edit]

  • The Bavent Football Club has a soccer team in the district division.[20]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Henri-Gabriel-Marie Le Bègue de Germiny (1811-1900), politician, Mayor of Bavent

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bavent on Lion1906
  2. ^ Inhabitants of Calvados (in French)
  3. ^ a b c Bavent on Google Maps
  4. ^ a b Bavent on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
  5. ^ a b c d Ernest Nègre, General Toponymy of France, Librairie Droz, 1990, Vol II, 676 pages, p. 829 & 974, ISBN 9782600001335 (in French).
  6. ^ a b Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Etymological Dictionary of place names in France, Larousse, Paris, 1963 (in French)
  7. ^ René Lepelley, Etymological Dictionary of names of communes in Normandy, Éditions Charles Corlet, Condé-sur-Noireau, 1996, BnF 36174448w p. 60 (in French)
  8. ^ The Names of communes and old parishes of Seine-Maritime, ed. A. et J. Picard, François de Beaurepaire, preface by Marianne Mulon, 1979, Paris, 180 pages, ISBN 2-7084-0040-1, OCLC 6403150, p. 5 (in French)
  9. ^ a b Bavent and Robehomme on the 1750 Cassini Map
  10. ^ a b Baven and Robe homme on the 1790 Cassini Map
  11. ^ Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database (in French)
  12. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  13. ^ National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (in French)
  14. ^ Living Heritage website (in French)
  15. ^ a b c The heritage of the communes of Calvados, vol. 1, Flohic Éditions, 2001, Paris, ISBN 2-84234-111-2, p. 359-362 (in French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111040 Chateau of Bavent (in French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111041 Château of Béneauville (in French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA14003360 Château of Béneauville Park (in French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM14001176 Clock (in French)
  20. ^ Ligue Basse-Normandie official website, F.C. Baventais, consulted on 21 August 2014 (in French)

External links[edit]