Bawal

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Bawal
city
Bawal is located in Haryana
Bawal
Bawal
Location in Haryana, India
Bawal is located in India
Bawal
Bawal
Bawal (India)
Coordinates: 28°05′N 76°35′E / 28.08°N 76.58°E / 28.08; 76.58Coordinates: 28°05′N 76°35′E / 28.08°N 76.58°E / 28.08; 76.58
Country India
StateHaryana
DistrictRewari
Elevation
266 m (873 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total22,016
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
 • SpokenHaryanvi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
123501
Telephone code01284
ISO 3166 codeIN-HR
Vehicle registrationHR 81
Websiteharyana.gov.in

Bawal is a city in India in the state of Haryana, India. It lies in the National Capital Region (NCR) of India.[1] It is located on national highway NH 48 (formerly called NH 8), about 14 km from Rewari city, 60 km from Gurgaon and 100 km from Delhi railway station. Bawal Tehsil is a part of the Rewari district. It was one of the three districts of the erstwhile Nabha State under British Raj.

Geography[edit]

Bawal is located at coordinates 28°05′N 76°35′E / 28.08°N 76.58°E / 28.08; 76.58.[2]

It has an average elevation of 266 metres (872  feet).

History[edit]

Bawal was a part of the Jhajjar princely state prior to the events of the Indian Rebellion. The Nawab of Jhajjar, Abdur Rehman, participated in campaigns against the East India Company, and was captured and hung on 23 January 1858. The Company authorities gave Bawal to Hira Singh, the ruler of Nabha, who had participated in the successful suppression of the revolt. He constructed a fort made from slate and stone masonry here in 1875. Its three-sided walls and rear gateway have been maintained by the Indian government for purposes of tourism.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 Census of India, the town had 2,962 households with a total population of 16,766,[3] an increase of 28% over the 2001 figure of 13,016.[4] There were 8,828 males and 7,948 females in 2011.[3]

HSIDC Industrial Model Township Bawal[edit]

Industrial Model Township Bawal in NCR near Rewari in Haryana, is a large industrial centre has been developed by the Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation (HSIIDC). It is part of Delhi–Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project (DMIC) on Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (WDFC) and also located in the influence zone of the Amritsar Delhi Kolkata Industrial Corridor (ADKIC) on Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC). It also synergises with other IMT of Haryana along Delhi Western Peripheral Expressway such as IMT Bahadurgarh, IMT Kundli, Sonipat and IMT Manesar.[5] During last three years, HSIIDC has allotted 78 Industrial plots in Bawal for medium- and large-scale projects with capital investment of around US$1.18 billion (2016). Many multinational corporations including Haco Group, Musashi Auto Parts India, POSCO, Kansai Nerolac, Asahi India, Atlas, YKK India Pvt. Ltd., Euothern Hema, Keihin, Caparo Maruti, Harley-Davidson and Ahresty India along with many Indian companies such as Delseal ,Omax, Rico, Minda Group, Rubyco International, Tenneco Automotive India, Continental Equipment and Multicolor Steels, Caparo power plant, etc. have set up plants. The Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project is an industrial development project undertaken by the Government of India to develop an industrial zone along Western Dedicated Freight Corridor on the Bombay-Ahmedabad-Palanpur-Ajmer and Kandla-Palanpur-Ajmer-Rewari railway routes.

DMIC[edit]

The Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project (DMIC) is a US$100 billion India-Japan state-sponsored industrial development project of the Government of India on the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (WDFC), aimed at developing 7 Investment Regions of 250 km2 and 13 industrial areas across six states (Delhi, Western Uttar Pradesh, Southern Haryana, Eastern Rajasthan, Eastern Gujarat, Western Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh) in India by boosting major expansion of Infrastructure and Industry, including industrial clusters and rail, road, port and air connectivity in the states along the route of the Corridor. This would open a floodgate of opportunities along several parts of Golden Quadrilateral such as Delhi-Mumbai NH-48, NH-2, NH-1 and NH -10 for developing industrial, urban and supporting infrastructure through public-private initiatives. More than 60% area of Haryana is under DMIC project, which is extended up to 150 km on both sides of the alignment of DMIC.

Manesar-Bawal-Nangal Chaudhary is one of the investment regions selected for development in the first phase of ambitious DMIC.

  • Manesar has more than US$10 billion investment in several large multinational industries, specially from Japan, such as Maruti Suzuki and Tosiba Eco City. Aadhar's national Data Center is also located here.
  • Bawal has been evolved as a mega industrial growth hub where HSIIDC has allotted 78 Industrial manufacturing plots to 78 medium- and large-scale projects multi-national companies here with capital investment of around US$1.18 billion (2016), including Harley-Davidson, Asahi India, Musashi Auto Parts India, POSCO steel, Kansai Nerolac Paints, YKK, Euothern Hema, Keihin Corporation, Atlas Copco, Ahresty Wilmington Corporation, Caparo Maruti and Haco Group along with many Indian companies such as Delseal , Omax Corporation, Rico Auto Corporation, Minda Auto Group, Rubyco Modular Furniture International, Tenneco Automotive India, Continental Equipment and Multicolor Steels, Caparo power plant, etc. have set up plants.
  • Nangal Chaudhary, with USD$3.3 billion phase-I investment, is North India's largest logistics and warehousing hub.

Transport[edit]

The nearest airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport at New Delhi, about 85 km away. Bawal railway station is on the Alwar-Rewari railway line.

National Highway NH 48 (formerly called NH 8) passes through Bawal connecting it with the major cities of Delhi, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Vadodra, Surat and Mumbai. The former NH 71 used to connect Bawal to Rewari before it was realigned and widened to a 4-lane toll road bypassing east of Rewari city. Now NH 352 (former name NH 71) (Narwana-Jind-Rohtak-Jhajjar-Rewari) terminates on NH 48 about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of Bawal.

Wildlife[edit]

HSIDC Bawal wetland[edit]

During the winter, over 4,000 migratory birds of 50 species from Siberia, Russia, Mongolia, Alaska and other parts of the USA are found at a wetland between Toyota Gosei Minda factory and Baba Pachpir Temple in the east HSIIDC Estate in Bawal. Bird species found here are wagtails, common teal, pintail, northern shoveller, garganey, eurasian coot, redshank, common sandpiper, ruff, wood sandpiper, marsh sandpiper, stint, kentish plover, greater sand plover, little ringed plover, white-tailed lapwing, greater flamingo, common pochard, ferruginous pochard, gulls and pied avocet. The pacific golden plover, rare a rare bird species from Western Alaska, has also been spotted.[6]

Over 200,000 migratory birds have been spotted at Masani barrage wetland,[6] which is 15 km southeast from Bawal wetland.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 September 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Bawal
  3. ^ a b "Bawal town". Census of India. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  5. ^ "Dubai-based company keen on investing in state". tribuneindia.com. 6 December 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  6. ^ a b inged guests flock to Rewari’s Masani barrage, The Tribune, Nov 13, 2020