A Growing Community
|• Total||21.11 sq mi (54.67 km2)|
|• Land||18.85 sq mi (48.83 km2)|
|• Water||2.25 sq mi (5.84 km2)|
|Elevation||1,207 ft (368 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||439.10/sq mi (169.54/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0639737|
Baxter is located just north of the geographical center of Minnesota, in a terminal moraine area created by the Superior Lobe of the Labradorian ice sheet. The city is home to numerous lakes and ponds.
Along with the rest of Crow Wing County and parts of the adjoining counties, Baxter is part of the Brainerd Lakes Area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.62 square miles (53.41 km2), of which 18.39 square miles (47.63 km2) is land and 2.23 square miles (5.78 km2) is water.
Tourism and various service industries have become Baxter's biggest employers, and numerous housing subdivisions have been developed in the wooded area west of Minnesota Highway 371, which passes through the town. Owing to the amount of unused land in the area, commercial development along the highway itself has also increased in recent years, though it has tended to conform to the pattern of urban sprawl.
Superfund site and environmental damage
The Burlington Northern (Brainerd/Baxter) United States Environmental Protection Agency Superfund site is located on the boundary between the cities of Brainerd and Baxter. The site served as a Burlington Northern Railroad tie treatment plant, between the years of 1907 and 1985. During that time, wastewater generated from the wood-treating process was sent to two shallow, unlined ponds. This created a sludge which contaminated both the underlying soils and the groundwater with creosote and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 7,610 people, 2,963 households, and 2,110 families residing in the city. The population density was 413.8 inhabitants per square mile (159.8/km2). There were 3,176 housing units at an average density of 172.7 per square mile (66.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.5% White, 0.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.
There were 2,963 households of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.8% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02.
The median age in the city was 38.7 years. 27% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64; and 15.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,555 people, 1,921 households, and 1,586 families residing in the city. The population density was 320.7 people per square mile (123.8/km²). There were 1,979 housing units at an average density of 114.3 per square mile (44.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.63% White, 0.02% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.61% of the population. 31.8% were of German, 14.0% Norwegian, 11.3% Swedish, 6.4% Irish and 5.0% English ancestry.
There were 1,921 households out of which 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.4% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.4% were non-families. 14.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the city, the population was spread out with 31.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $52,289, and the median income for a family was $55,838. Males had a median income of $38,375 versus $26,667 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,772. About 2.3% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 2, 2019.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- Warren Upham (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 155.
- "Burlington Northern (Brainerd/Baxter) Fact Sheet" Archived 2012-12-05 at the Wayback Machine, EPA, 07/13/12
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-14.
- City of Baxter, MN -- Official site
- VisitBaxter - Resorts Hotels Attractions Information
- Explore Brainerd Lakes.com -- Baxter page -- Visitor Information site
- Baxter article