Bay Springs, Mississippi

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Bay Springs, Mississippi
Location of Bay Springs, Mississippi
Location of Bay Springs, Mississippi
Bay Springs, Mississippi is located in the United States
Bay Springs, Mississippi
Bay Springs, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 31°58′36″N 89°16′46″W / 31.97667°N 89.27944°W / 31.97667; -89.27944Coordinates: 31°58′36″N 89°16′46″W / 31.97667°N 89.27944°W / 31.97667; -89.27944
CountryUnited States
StateMississippi
CountyJasper
Area
 • Total15.01 sq mi (38.87 km2)
 • Land14.94 sq mi (38.71 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation
423 ft (129 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,786
 • Estimate 
(2018)[2]
1,693
 • Density115.30/sq mi (44.52/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
39422
Area code(s)601
FIPS code28-04060
GNIS feature ID0666590
Websitecityofbaysprings.com

Bay Springs is a city in and the western county seat of Jasper County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 1,786 at the 2010 census,[3] down from 2,097 at the 2000 census. State highways 15 and 18 intersect at the city. It is part of the Laurel, Mississippi (in Jones County) micropolitan area.

The area was settled in the 1880s by Joe Blankenship, who built the sawmill for the yellow pine timber industry that comprised the town's industrial base. The city was incorporated about twenty years later after railroads were constructed through it. That access attracted other industry and business, and the city was designated as the second county seat. Its population has declined slightly since 2000.

Geography

Bay Springs is located in western Jasper County at 31°58′36″N 89°16′46″W / 31.97667°N 89.27944°W / 31.97667; -89.27944 (31.976761, -89.279574).[4] Mississippi Highway 15 (Court Street) passes through the center of town, leading north 27 miles (43 km) to Newton and south 24 miles (39 km) to Laurel. Highway 18 (Fifth Avenue) crosses Highway 15 in the center of town and leads northeast 21 miles (34 km) to Rose Hill and west 15 miles (24 km) to Raleigh.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.0 square miles (38.9 km2), of which 14.9 square miles (38.7 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.42%, are water.[3]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910836
19208613.0%
19309277.7%
19401,22832.5%
19501,3026.0%
19601,54418.6%
19701,80116.6%
19801,8844.6%
19901,729−8.2%
20002,09721.3%
20101,786−14.8%
Est. 20181,693[2]−5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 2,097 people, 793 households, and 524 families residing in the city. The population density was 142.0/km² (54.8/mi²). There were 880 housing units at an average density of 59.6 km² (23.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 50.02% White, 49.64% African American, 0.05% from other races, and 0.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.

There were 793 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 20.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,895, and the median income for a family was $30,938. Males had a median income of $31,806 versus $19,091 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,199. About 26.0% of families and 28.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.5% of those under age 18 and 33.1% of those age 65 or over.

Economics

Bay Springs was the site of one of six Sunbeam plants in Mississippi. When Albert J. Dunlap downsized the company and closed the plant, 300 people lost their jobs. The last workers left the plant at the same time that Dunlap was negotiating a new contract for himself, worth over $46 million. The average annual salary at the Bay Springs plant had been less than $25,000.[7]

More recently, the Hol-Mac Corporation has located light industrial/manufacturing facilities in and around the Bay Springs area. One of the county's largest employers, this developing corporation has partnered with nearby Jones County Junior College with regard to job training and continues to expand employment opportunities in the local community.[8] Hol-Mac operates facilities in the town of Bay Springs and north of town in designated industrial areas between Bay Springs and the town of Louin. As of 2015, it has three main manufacturing facilities in the area, as well as additional office/HR support facilities.[9]

Georgia-Pacific Corporation has long had facilities to handle lumber and timber processing in the Bay Springs area.

The city has a county courthouse, as it is the second county seat in Jasper County. Originally there were limited roads from east to west across the county, and the two seats served local people.

Education

Bay Springs is served by the West Jasper School District.

The city also has a private school, Sylva-Bay Academy.

Notable people

  • Jesse L. Brown, first African-American aviator in the U.S., attended Bay Springs High School in 1940[10]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bay Springs has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[11]

References

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 6, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Bay Springs city, Mississippi". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 10, 2018.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ Kellerman, Barbara (2004). Bad Leadership: What It Is, How It Happens, Why It Matters. Harvard Business Press. p. 139. ISBN 978-1-59139-166-1.
  8. ^ "Founder – Charles Belton Holder, Jr". Hol-Mac. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
  9. ^ "Facilities". Hol-Mac. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
  10. ^ Taylor, Theodore (2007). Flight of Jesse Leroy Brown. Naval Institute Press. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-59114-852-4.
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Bay Springs, Mississippi

External links