Bay-backed shrike

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Bay-backed shrike
Bay-backed Shrike (Lanius vittatus) in Anantgiri, AP W IMG 8868.jpg
L. vittatus at Ananthagiri Hills, in Rangareddy district of Andhra Pradesh, India.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Laniidae
Genus: Lanius
Species: L. vittatus
Binomial name
Lanius vittatus
(Valenciennes, 1826)

The bay-backed shrike (Lanius vittatus) is a member of the bird family Laniidae, the shrikes, resident in South Asia.


L. vittatus at Sultanpur National Park in Gurgaon District of Haryana, India.

It is smallish shrike at 17 cm, maroon-brown above with a pale rump and long black tail with white edges. The underparts are white, but with buff flanks.[2] The crown and nape are grey, with a typical shrike black bandit mask through the eye. There is a small white wing patch, and the bill and legs are dark grey.[2]

Sexes are similar, but young birds are washed-out versions of the adults.[2]

Habits and habitat[edit]

The bay-backed shrike has a characteristic upright "shrike" attitude perched on a bush, from which it sallies after lizards, large insects, small birds and rodents.[2]

Prey may be impaled upon a sharp point, such as a thorn. Thus secured they can be ripped with the strong hooked bill, but its feet are not suited for tearing.[2]

It is a widespread resident breeder in Afghanistan, Pakistan and India, and has recently been recorded from Sri Lanka. It nests in bushes in scrubby areas and cultivation, laying 3-5 eggs.[3]

Regional Names[edit]

Bengali - তামাপিঠ লাটোরা, Gujarati- પચનક લટોરો, Kannada- ಕಡುಗಂದು ಕಳಿಂಗ, Malayalam- അസുരക്കിളി, Marathi- गांधारी, छोटा खाटीक, उदीपाठी खाटीक, Sanskrit- पश्च वर्णक लटूषक. [4]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Lanius vittatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Grimmett, Inskipp & Inskipp. Birds of India. ISBN 0-691-04910-6. 
  3. ^ Compilers: Stuart Butchart, Jonathan Ekstrom (2008). "Bay-backed Shrike - BirdLife Species Factsheet". Evaluators: Jeremy Bird, Stuart Butchart BirdLife International . Retrieved June 2, 2009. 
  4. ^