Bay Bulls, Newfoundland and Labrador

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Bay Bulls
Town
Bay Bulls in August, 2006
Bay Bulls in August, 2006
Bay Bulls is located in Newfoundland
Bay Bulls
Bay Bulls
Location of Bay Bulls in Newfoundland
Coordinates: 47°18′57″N 52°48′37″W / 47.31583°N 52.81028°W / 47.31583; -52.81028
Country  Canada
Province  Newfoundland and Labrador
Settled 1592
Area
 • Total 30.74 km2 (11.87 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,078
Time zone Newfoundland Time (UTC-3:30)
 • Summer (DST) Newfoundland Daylight (UTC-2:30)
Area code(s) 709
Bay Bulls Lighthouse
Location Bay Bulls
Newfoundland
Canada
Coordinates 47°18′39.2″N 52°44′49.4″W / 47.310889°N 52.747056°W / 47.310889; -52.747056
Year first constructed 1908
Foundation concrete basement
Construction cast iron tower
Tower shape cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower and lantern
Height 11.8 metres (39 ft)
Focal height 62.5 metres (205 ft)
Original lens fourth orderd Fresnel lens
Light source solar power
Range 7 nautical miles (13 km; 8.1 mi)
Characteristic Fl W 6s.
Admiralty number H0452
CHS number CCG 508
NGA number 1872
ARLHS number CAN-650
Managing agent Canadian Coast Guard[1][2]

Bay Bulls (2006 population 1,078) is a small fishing community in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

Geography[edit]

Bay Bulls Harbor

Located in sheltered bay it has been home to many fishermen and a strategic location in early times as it is located just a few miles from the capital, St. John's.

History[edit]

St. Peter and St. Paul Church, showing the "canonized saints"

Bay Bulls first appears on a 1592 map drawn by Thomas Hood.

Fortification of the harbour came in 1638 by Governor David Kirke. In 1655, Bay Bulls was raided by Dutch sailors under Admiral De Ruyter. During King William's War, the village was attacked twice. In 1696, Monbeton de St. Ovide de Brouillan, the governor of Placentia, attacked Bay Bulls from the sea, sinking the English warship HMS Sapphire. Then in 1697 Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville marched overland from Placentia and attacked Bay Bulls in the Avalon Peninsula Campaign. In 1702, Rear Admiral John Leake of the Royal Navy entered Bay Bulls with several Men of War, and received information about the whereabouts of French ships and unprotected settlements around the Avalon Peninsula, which he then attacked. On June 24, 1762 the French led by Admiral d'Arsac de Ternay, landed seven hundred men who occupied Bay Bulls and marched to St. John's. Bay Bulls suffered its last invasion on September 29, 1796 when Admiral Richery attempted to storm St. John's but finding it well defended; he attacked and burned Bay Bulls instead.

In 1890 the Roman Catholic Church, St. Peter and St. Paul was rebuilt. The gate was initially marked by cannons left over from the battles with the French, then statues of the Saints were added on top, which gave the famous "Cannonized Saints of Bay Bulls."

Economy[edit]

Bay Bulls is a fishing community and was established because of its closeness to the rich fishing grounds on the Grand Banks. Due to its proximity to St. John's the population is becoming more of a bedroom community for people employed there. Bay Bulls has been at the forefront of many strategies such as fish farming and lately servicing the Oil and Gas industry. The Penney Group of Companies has built a repair facility that services the many oil rigs that drill for oil on the Grand Banks. Tourism has become an important part of the community as well. Four whale and bird watching establishments, as well as several bed-and-breakfast places attract visitors from all over the world.


Demographics[edit]

Population in 2011 1,283
Population change from 2006 19.0%
Median age (2011) 38.7
Total number of dwellings (2011) 545
Land area (km².) 30.74
Population Density (per km²) (2011) 41.7
Source - Statistics Canada[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°18′57″N 52°48′37″W / 47.31583°N 52.81028°W / 47.31583; -52.81028