Bay Farm Island Bridge

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Bay Farm Island Bridge
Aerial view of a bascule bridge (drawbridge) spanning the estuary separating Alameda Island from Bay Farm Island, which is now a peninsula connected to Oakland.
Aerial view of both bridges (2009)
Coordinates 37°44′56″N 122°14′11″W / 37.748924°N 122.236383°W / 37.748924; -122.236383Coordinates: 37°44′56″N 122°14′11″W / 37.748924°N 122.236383°W / 37.748924; -122.236383
Carries cars and trucks on SR 61
Crosses San Leandro Channel, leading to San Leandro Bay
Locale San Francisco Bay Area
Official name San Leandro Bay Bridge
NBI 33 0086
Characteristics
Design Bascule truss
Material steel, concrete
Total length 963 ft 6 in (293.67 m)
Width 70 ft 6 in (21.49 m) overall
26 ft (7.9 m) roadway
5 ft (1.5 m) sidewalk
Longest span 125 ft (38 m) bascule
Clearance below 20 ft (6.1 m) (high tide)
26 ft (7.9 m) (low tide)
History
Constructed by Duncason-Harleson and Stolte
Construction start April 18, 1951 (1951-04-18)
Opened July 1, 1953 (1953-07-01)
Statistics
Daily traffic 40,000
Bay Farm Island Bridge is located in Oakland, California
Bay Farm Island Bridge
Bay Farm Island Bridge
Location in Oakland, California
Bay Farm Island Bridge is located in San Francisco Bay Area
Bay Farm Island Bridge
Bay Farm Island Bridge
Bay Farm Island Bridge (San Francisco Bay Area)
Bay Farm Island Bridge is located in California
Bay Farm Island Bridge
Bay Farm Island Bridge
Bay Farm Island Bridge (California)
Bay Farm Island Bicycle Bridge
First-person perspective view, looking along the deck of the Bay Farm Island Bicycle Bridge
View along bicycle bridge
Coordinates 37°44′56.5″N 122°14′9.3″W / 37.749028°N 122.235917°W / 37.749028; -122.235917
Carries bicycles and pedestrians on San Francisco Bay Trail
Official name San Leandro Bay Bike Bridge
Characteristics
Design Bascule, pony Warren truss
Material steel, concrete
Total length 750 ft (230 m)
Width 14 ft (4.3 m) overall
11 ft (3.4 m) curb-to-curb
Longest span 130 feet (40 m) bascule
Clearance below 20 ft (6.1 m) (high tide)
26 ft (7.9 m) (low tide)
History
Construction start 1993
Opened 1995

The San Leandro Bay Bridge, better known as the Bay Farm Island Bridge, is a single-leaf bascule drawbridge spanning the San Leandro Channel, the inlet of San Leandro Bay within the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States. It carries California State Route 61 and links the main island of Alameda with Bay Farm Island within the city of Alameda. The present bridge was completed in 1953; it is paralleled by a second bridge (completed in 1995) devoted to pedestrian and bicycle traffic, the Bay Farm Island Bicycle Bridge. The draw opens approximately 360 times per year.

The Bay Farm Island Bridge is one of the four bridges and two tunnels linking Alameda Island with the mainland. It is the longest bridge of the four.

History[edit]

A toll bridge at this location was first built in 1854, consisting of a wooden trestle surfaced with crushed oyster shells. The owners abandoned the bridge after a failed business deal for land on Bay Farm Island, and the 1854 bridge subsequently rotted. Alameda County constructed a second bridge in 1875.[1][2] In 1877 the bridge was described as a drawbridge with an overall length of 700 feet (210 m).[3] The second bridge had been repaired in 1890,[4] and was replaced by a third bridge in 1898.[1] Parts of the third bridge had initially been built in 1881 to span the Oakland Estuary at Webster Street, and were moved to span the San Leandro Channel in 1898;[5] the third bridge was a swing-type bridge.[2] By 1904, it was described as a "creaking old bridge",[6] and by 1912, the bridge had "settled dangerously" and "needed immediate repairs."[7]

In 1899, Mr. Gighilone, a vegetable farmer from Bay Farm Island, was ambushed by customs officers while crossing the bridge. The customs officers believed he was in league with opium smugglers who supposedly had their headquarters on Bay Farm Island; the smugglers purportedly used vegetable peddlers to smuggle opium across the bridge to Alameda, where it would be taken to San Francisco for distribution. When Gighilone was commanded to stop, he thought he was being robbed and attempted to escape until several bullets convinced him to stop.[8]

The fourth bridge, completed in 1953 and opened for service on July 1 of that year, was constructed by the California Department of Transportation (CalTrans) as part of California State Route 61. It is owned and maintained by CalTrans, District 4.[1] The total cost of the 1953 bridge, including right-of-way acquisition, approach structures, engineering, design, and construction, was US$2,344,000 (equivalent to $21,440,000 in 2017).[5]

The bicycle bridge was constructed between 1993 and 1995 at a cost of approximately US$3,500,000 (equivalent to $5,620,000 in 2017).[9]

In late 2015 and early 2016, the road and bicycle bridges were temporarily closed at night to accommodate maintenance activities, including repainting the road bridge. It had last been painted in 1978.[10]

Design[edit]

The 1953 road bridge is the longest bascule bridge in Alameda County by overall length.[1] It was designed to accommodate a future second leaf, if warranted by marine traffic, to double the navigable channel width from 92 feet (28 m) to 200 feet (61 m).[5] The existing leaf is opened by two 50-horsepower (37 kW) motors in approximately 135 seconds.[5] The bridge was designed by the California Division of Highways, Bridge Department.[5]

The main pier of the 1953 road bridge is the largest cofferdam built on a state highway since the construction of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge.[5] The bascule span is 125 feet (38 m) long and carries a counterweight of 1,100 short tons (1,000 t).[5] Interlocks are provided so that traffic gates and bollards must be raised before the draw can be opened.[5]

The 1995 bicycle bridge is linked to the 1953 road bridge so that when the road bridge opens, the bicycle bridge also opens; however, the bicycle bridge can be operated manually to open independently of the road bridge.[9] The bicycle bridge is operated using two hydraulic pistons and two 50-horsepower (37 kW) motors; the other drawbridges linking Alameda to the mainland operate using gearboxes and gears.[9] It is the only pedestrian bascule bridge in the United States.[11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Bay Farm Island Bridge". ACPWA.org. Alameda County Public Works Agency. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  2. ^ a b Dutcher, Greta; Rowland, Stephen (2005). "9: Transportation". Alameda. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. p. 115. ISBN 0-7385-3039-5. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  3. ^ Belloyd (18 August 1877). "Notes in Alameda County". Pacific Rural Press. 14 (7). Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Across the Bay". San Francisco Call. 68 (74). 13 August 1890. The Bay Farm Island bridge has been repaired and is now reasonably secure. The old braces have been replaced and the draw has been put in good condition.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "New Span: San Leandro Bay Bridge Is Opened to Traffic" (PDF). California Highways and Public Works. Vol. 32 no. 7–8. July–August 1953. pp. 46–47. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  6. ^ "Talk of the town and topics of the times". San Francisco Call. 95 (65). 25 January 1904. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  7. ^ "County to keep tab on drawbridge traffic". San Francisco Call. 111 (68). 6 February 1912. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  8. ^ "Customs officials use their revolvers". San Francisco Call. 85 (53). 22 January 1899. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  9. ^ a b c "Bay Farm Island Bicycle Bridge". ACPWA.org. Alameda County Public Works Agency. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  10. ^ Weitze, Scott (3 February 2015). "Bay Farm bridge set for makeover". The Alamedan. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  11. ^ Yashinsky, Mark (11 June 2014). "Alameda County, California Bridges: Bay Farm Island Bridges". Bridge of the Week (blog). Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  12. ^ Maus, Jonathan (3 January 2012). "Exploring Alameda, California by bike". BikePortland. Retrieved 3 May 2017.

External links[edit]