Bay Head, New Jersey
Bay Head, New Jersey
|Borough of Bay Head|
Loveland Homestead Museum
Map of Bay Head in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Bay Head, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||June 15, 1886|
|Named for||Bayhead Land Company / location on Barnegat Bay|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||William W. Curtis (R, term ends December 31, 2023)|
|• Municipal clerk||Patricia M. Applegate|
|• Total||0.71 sq mi (1.83 km2)|
|• Land||0.59 sq mi (1.52 km2)|
|• Water||0.12 sq mi (0.32 km2) 17.32%|
|Area rank||529th of 565 in state|
30th of 33 in county
|Elevation||3 ft (0.9 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||535th of 566 in state|
30th of 33 in county
|• Density||1,662.8/sq mi (642.0/km2)|
|• Density rank||316th of 566 in state|
15th of 33 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0885150|
Bay Head is a borough in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 968, reflecting a decline of 270 (-21.8%) from the 1,238 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 12 (+1.0%) from the 1,226 counted in the 1990 Census. Bay Head is situated on the Barnegat Peninsula, also known as Barnegat Bay Island, a long, narrow barrier island that separates Barnegat Bay from the Atlantic Ocean. Together with Mantoloking, Bay Head is considered part of the Jersey Shore's "Gold Coast".
The community was supposed to have been named "Bayhead" after the Bayhead Land Company that developed the area in the 1870s. A railroad sign posted in the 1880s labeled the station as "Bay Head," and the name stuck when the borough was incorporated in 1886. The name also comes from the town's location, which is at the "head" of Barnegat Bay.
The Bayhead Land Company was incorporated on September 6, 1879, capitalized at $12,000. The founding partners were David H. Mount of Rocky Hill, and three Princeton men: Edward Howe, his brother Leavitt Howe and William Harris. Within several years, the resort had grown in population, with a seawall installed, roads built and graded. In 1882, Bay Head had 20 new cottages and a population of 75.
The first post office was established in Bay Head in the summer of 1882. Julius Foster was first postmaster.
The Bay Head Historic District, listed in the New Jersey and the National Registers of Historic places in 2005, includes over 550 contributing structures (over half of the town's buildings) making it one of the largest historic districts in New Jersey. Bay Head's historic district is architecturally significant for its large collection of well-preserved Shingle Style, Stick Style, and Queen Anne Style structures.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.71 square miles (1.83 km2), including 0.59 square miles (1.52 km2) of land and 0.12 square miles (0.32 km2) of water (17.32%).
1930-1990 2000 2010
The 2010 United States Census counted 968 people, 459 households, and 270 families in the borough. The population density was 1,662.8 per square mile (642.0/km2). There were 1,023 housing units at an average density of 1,757.3 per square mile (678.5/km2). The racial makeup was 98.55% (954) White, 0.52% (5) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 0.72% (7) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.00% (0) from other races, and 0.21% (2) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.03% (10) of the population.
Of the 459 households, 15.0% had children under the age of 18; 49.0% were married couples living together; 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present and 41.2% were non-families. Of all households, 37.0% were made up of individuals and 22.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.78.
15.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 12.9% from 25 to 44, 32.9% from 45 to 64, and 34.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 57.2 years. For every 100 females, the population had 90.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 86.3 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $88,417 (with a margin of error of +/- $13,902) and the median family income was $134,583 (+/- $24,739). Males had a median income of $75,833 (+/- $22,227) versus $60,625 (+/- $37,439) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $78,226 (+/- $12,220). About 0.9% of families and 1.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 1,238 people, 584 households, and 349 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,094.3 people per square mile (810.2/km2). There were 1,053 housing units at an average density of 1,781.3 per square mile (689.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.98% White, 0.16% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.48% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.29% of the population.
There were 584 households, out of which 16.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.1% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.73.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 15.4% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 21.7% from 25 to 44, 33.7% from 45 to 64, and 25.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 52 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $77,790, and the median income for a family was $93,055. Males had a median income of $64,063 versus $38,672 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $49,639. About 0.3% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 2.1% of those age 65 or over.
Bay Head is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government, which is used in 218 municipalities (of the 565) statewide, making it the most common form of government in New Jersey. The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the Borough Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council is comprised of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Bay Head is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2020[update], the Mayor of the Borough of Bay Head is Republican William W. Curtis, whose term of office ends December 31, 2023. Members of the Bay Head Borough Council are Council President Douglas J. Lyons (R, 2022), Jennifer Barnes-Gambert (R, 2020), Diane M. Cornell (R, 2021), R. Andrew Frizzell (R, 2020), Holly MacPherson (R, 2022) and Dennis J. Shaning (R, 2021).
In February 2020, the Borough Council chose Andrew Frizzell from a list of three candidates nominated by the Republican municipal committee to fill the term expiring in December 2020 that became vacant following the resignation of Brian Magory.
Federal, state and county representation
For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Chris Smith (R, Hamilton Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2020–2021 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 10th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by James W. Holzapfel (R, Toms River) and in the General Assembly by John Catalano (R, Brick Township) and Gregory P. McGuckin (R, Toms River).
Ocean County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members, elected on an at-large basis in partisan elections and serving staggered three-year terms of office, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization held in the beginning of January, the board chooses a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2019[update], Ocean County's Freeholders (with party affiliation, term-end year, residence and department directorship listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Virginia E. Haines (R, 2019, Toms River; Parks and Recreation and Natural Lands), Freeholder Deputy Director John P. Kelly (R, 2019, Eagleswood Township; Law and Public Safety), Gerry P. Little (R, 2021, Surf City; Roads), Gary Quinn (R, 2021, Lacey Township; Human Services and Transportation) and Joseph H. Vicari (R, 2020, Toms River; Senior Services and County Operations). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Scott M. Colabella (R, 2019, Barnegat Light), Sheriff Michael Mastronardy (R, 2019; Toms River) and Surrogate Jeffrey Moran (R, 2023, Beachwood).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 837 registered voters in Bay Head, of which 115 (13.7%) were registered as Democrats, 453 (54.1%) were registered as Republicans and 269 (32.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 86.5% (vs. 63.2% in Ocean County) were registered to vote, including 102.3% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 82.6% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 66.2% of the vote (374 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 33.3% (188 votes), and other candidates with 0.5% (3 votes), among the 569 ballots cast by the borough's 852 registered voters (4 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 66.8%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 62.9% of the vote (443 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 34.9% (246 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (7 votes), among the 704 ballots cast by the borough's 915 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.9%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 68.4% of the vote (515 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 29.9% (225 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (11 votes), among the 753 ballots cast by the borough's 967 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.9.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 80.4% of the vote (370 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 17.8% (82 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (8 votes), among the 471 ballots cast by the borough's 838 registered voters (11 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 56.2%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 70.3% of the vote (392 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 22.2% (124 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.3% (35 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (3 votes), among the 558 ballots cast by the borough's 868 registered voters, yielding a 64.3% turnout.
The Bay Head School District serves students in public school for kindergarten through eighth grade at Bay Head Elementary School. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 129 students and 15.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 8.5:1. The district has been ranked as one of the smallest in the state.
Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Point Pleasant Beach High School in Point Pleasant Beach, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Point Pleasant Beach School District, together with students from Lavallette and Mantoloking. As of the 2017–18 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 364 students and 36.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 9.9:1.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 10.74 miles (17.28 km) of roadways, of which 8.24 miles (13.26 km) were maintained by the municipality, 1.16 miles (1.87 km) by Ocean County and 1.34 miles (2.16 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
The main roadway through Bay Head is Route 35, a two-lane highway that connects many of the Jersey Shore's small communities.
NJ Transit trains terminate at the Bay Head station and yard, with service on the North Jersey Coast Line north to Penn Station Newark, Hoboken Terminal and Penn Station New York in Midtown Manhattan.
According to the Köppen climate classification system, Bay Head, New Jersey has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Cfa climates are characterized by all months having an average mean temperature > 32.0 °F (> 0.0 °C), at least four months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (≥ 10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature ≥ 71.6 °F (≥ 22.0 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. During the summer months at Bay Head, a cooling afternoon sea breeze is present on most days, but episodes of extreme heat and humidity can occur with heat index values ≥ 95 °F (≥ 35 °C). On average, the wettest month of the year is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. During the winter months, episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < 0 °F (< -18 °C). The plant hardiness zone at Bay Head Beach is 7a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 3.5 °F (-15.8 °C). The average seasonal (November–April) snowfall total is 18 to 24 inches (46 to 61 cm) and the average snowiest month is February which corresponds with the annual peak in nor'easter activity.
|Climate data for Bay Head Beach, NJ (1981-2010 Averages)|
|Average high °F (°C)||40.1
|Daily mean °F (°C)||32.5
|Average low °F (°C)||24.8
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.66
|Average relative humidity (%)||64.9||62.2||60.5||62.3||66.0||70.5||69.6||71.5||71.3||69.6||68.0||66.3||66.9|
|Average dew point °F (°C)||22.0
|Climate data for Sandy Hook, NJ Ocean Water Temperature (28 N Bay Head)|
|Daily mean °F (°C)||37
According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Bay Head, New Jersey would have an Appalachian Oak (104) vegetation type with an Eastern Hardwood Forest (25) vegetation form.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Bay Head include:
- Bobbi Brown (born 1957), cosmetologist and media contributor.
- Dean Cetrulo (1919–2010), fencer who won a bronze medal in the team sabre event at the 1948 Summer Olympics.
- Leavitt Howe (1836–1904), founder with brother Edward Howe and two others of Bayhead Land Company, 1879.
- L. Ron Hubbard (1911–1986), who wrote Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health in Bay Head in 1950.
- James C. Kellogg III (1915–1980), Chairman of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.
- Peter Kellogg (born 1943), director of the Wall Street investment firm Spear, Leeds & Kellogg, which was sold to Goldman Sachs in 2000 for $5.5 billion.
- Roger King (1944–2007), Producer, Owner of King World Productions, produces game shows such as Wheel of Fortune, and Jeopardy!; and co-produces alongside Oprah Winfrey and Dr. Phil McGraw.
- Paul Mulshine, opinion columnist for The Star-Ledger.
- John B. Paolella (born 1949), politician who represented the 38th Legislative District in both houses of the New Jersey Legislature.
- Dana Perino (born 1972), political commentator.
- Michael F. Price (born 1951), value investor and fund manager.
- Val Skinner (born 1960), LPGA golfer.
- John Wanamaker (1838–1922), retailer who spent many summers at his cottage at the beach.
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- Staff. "Bay Head & Mantoloking: A brief history", from Asbury Park Press, June 20, 2002. Accessed March 20, 2012. "Bay Head's two-word name resulted from a typographical error. It was meant to be Bayhead, named for the Bayhead Land Co., organized by three Princeton bankers. But when the railroad station sign was hung in the early 1880s, it read Bay Head. And so, Bay Head was incorporated in 1886."
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- Meeting Minutes for February 3, 2020, Borough of Bay Head. Accessed March 18, 2020. "Councilmember Lyons offered Resolution 2020-45 appointing R. Andrew Frizzell to the vacant seat on the Borough Council created by the resignation of Councilmember Brian Magory.... Ms. Cipriani administered the Oath of Office to R. Andrew Frizzell."
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- Bay Head Board of Education District Policy - Identification, Bay Head School District. Accessed January 30, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Pre-Kindergarten through eight in the Bay Head School District. Composition: The Bay Head School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Bay Head."
- District information for Bay Head Borough School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 1, 2019.
- Guion, Payton. "These 43 N.J. school districts have fewer than 200 students", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, September 2017. Accessed January 30, 2020. "Based on data from the state Department of Education from the last school year and the Census Bureau, NJ Advance Media made a list of the smallest of the small school districts in the state, excluding charter schools and specialty institutions.... 18. Bay Head Borough (tie) - Enrollment: 129; Grades: K-8"
- Point Pleasant Beach High School 2016-17 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed March 15, 2018. "Point Pleasant Beach High School is a public school serving students from Point Pleasant Beach, Bay Head and Lavalette. The school also accepts tuition students, selected through an application and interview process."
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- U.S. Potential Natural Vegetation, Original Kuchler Types, v2.0 (Spatially Adjusted to Correct Geometric Distortions), Data Basin. Accessed March 18, 2020.
- Fleming, Kristen. "The Life Aquatic; Makeup maven Bobbi Brown enjoys the simple life on the Jersey Shore." Archived February 18, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New York Post, February 15, 2009. Accessed September 2, 2011. "While most well-heeled New Yorkers head east to their sprawling Hamptons manses every weekend, cosmetics kingpin Bobbi Brown goes south—to the considerably more laid-back Bay Head on the Jersey Shore."
- Staff. "Diaz Victor 'Dean' Cetrulo", The Star-Ledger, May 13, 2010. Accessed August 23, 2015. "Diaz Victor 'Dean' Cetrulo, multiple times a U.S. national fencing champion and a Bronze Medal winner in saber fencing in the 1948 London Olympics, a Broadway actor with Hollywood good looks, the subject of a Hardy Boys mystery, The Clue of the Broken Blade, a war hero, musician and educator died peacefully on Sunday, May 9, 2010, at his home in Bay Head, N.J."
- Lee, Francis Bazley. Genealogical and Personal Memorial of Mercer County, New Jersey, Vol. 2, p. 632. Lewis Publishing Company, New York, 1907. Accessed November 9, 2015.
- Hyman, Vicki. "How Scientology was born in N.J.", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, March 27, 2015. Accessed October 29, 2016. "L. Ron Hubbard wrote Dianetics in 1950 at this home on East Avenue in Bay Head."
- Staff. "James Kellogg 3d, 65, Once Headed Port Authority; Senior Member of Port Unit Served Williams College", The New York Times, December 30, 1980. Accessed February 11, 2011. Accessed September 17, 2013. "James C. Kellogg 3d, a stockbroker and former chairman of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, died of a stroke yesterday at Point Pleasant Hospital in Point Pleasant, N.J. He was 65 years old and had homes in Elizabeth and Bay Head, N.J."
- "Kellogg leading Duckboat comeback", Asbury Park Press, September 2, 2000. Accessed July 26, 2016. "There's a Duckboat revival under way and Peter Kellogg is the man behind the resurgence. Kellogg, a New York stockbroker and Bay Head summer resident, sponsored a refurbishing competition on Aug. 25 for the annual Duckboat Worlds at Mantoloking Yacht Club."
- Roger M. King profile, CBS Television. Accessed April 23, 2007. "He and his wife, Raemali, reside in Boca Raton, Fla., and Bay Head, N.J."
- The UnHamptons, New York (magazine), May 28, 2001. "TV executives Roger and Michael King are known for their lavish parties in Bay Head."
- Konrad, Walecia. "Havens; Weekender - Bay Head, N.J.", The New York Times, June 13, 2003. Accessed August 25, 2013. "Bay Head is still a retreat for wealthy executives. Summer residents include Roger King, chief executive of CBS Enterprises and King World Productions, and Michael Price, formerly of the Mutual Series mutual fund company."
- Bishop, Gordon. "Gordon Bishop on the Issues", Atlantic Highlands Herald, June 13, 2002. Accessed December 4, 2007. "The author is Paul Mulshine of Bay Head, Ocean County. Mulshine writes a politically independent column for The Star-Ledger, where I worked for more than 26 years as a columnist/investigative reporter. Mulshine is the only reason to read the liberal-socialist Star-Ledger these days."
- Huba, Nicholas. "Incumbents fare well in Ocean County primaries", Asbury Park Press, June 4, 2014. Accessed August 12, 2019. "Incumbent Freeholder Joe Vicari, of Shady Lane in Toms River, defeated John B. Paolella, of Wyndham Drive in Bay Head, in the election to represent the Republican Party during the November election."
- Cotter, Kelly-Jane. "Coronavirus NJ: Fox News with Dana Perino, and her dog, broadcasts from Bay Head", Asbury Park Press, April 10, 2020. Accessed April 11, 2020. "Like many broadcast journalists, Fox News anchor Dana Perino now does this every day. Since March, when the COVID-19 pandemic prompted social isolation measures in New York City, Perino has been broadcasting remotely from her home in Bay Head."
- Konrad, Walecia. "Havens; Weekender | Bay Head, N.J.", The New York Times, June 13, 2003. Accessed August 23, 2015 "Bay Head is still a retreat for wealthy executives. Summer residents include Roger King, chief executive of CBS Enterprises and King World Productions, and Michael Price, formerly of the Mutual Series mutual fund company."
- Six-Time LPGA Winner Val Skinner Participating in Lamington Cup, Ladies Professional Golf Association press release dated March 23, 2005. Accessed July 28, 2007. "Skinner, who lives in Bay Head, N.J. has worked tirelessly on charity work during her career, including many grassroots 'women in crisis' charities."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bay Head, New Jersey.|
- Borough of Bay Head official website
- Bay Head Elementary School
- Bay Head Elementary School's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Bay Head Elementary School, National Center for Education Statistics
- Bay Head Historical Society
- Bay Head Reading Center - Ocean County Library
Point Pleasant Beach
|Beaches of New Jersey||Succeeded by|