Bay Minette, Alabama

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Bay Minette, Alabama
City
Watertower in Bay Minette, built in 1915
Watertower in Bay Minette, built in 1915
Location in Baldwin County and the state of Alabama
Location in Baldwin County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 30°53′0″N 87°46′37″W / 30.88333°N 87.77694°W / 30.88333; -87.77694
Country United States
State Alabama
County Baldwin
Government
 • Mayor Robert "Bob" Wills
Area
 • Total 8.6 sq mi (22.4 km2)
 • Land 8.6 sq mi (22.2 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 269 ft (82 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 8,044
 • Density 930/sq mi (360/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 36507
Area code(s) 251
FIPS code 01-04660
GNIS feature ID 0113588
Website cityofbayminette.org

Bay Minette is a city in Baldwin County, Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 8,044.[1] The city is the county seat of Baldwin County.

History[edit]

In the first days of Baldwin County, the town of McIntosh Bluff (now in Mobile County, west of Baldwin County) on the Tombigbee River was the county seat. After being transferred to the town of Blakeley in 1810, the county seat was later moved to the city of Daphne in 1868. In 1900, by an act of the legislature of Alabama, the county seat was authorized for relocation to the city of Bay Minette; however, the city of Daphne resisted relocation. The citizens of Bay Minette moved the county records from Daphne in the middle of the night on October 11–12, 1901[2] and delivered them to the city of Bay Minette - where the Baldwin County seat remains to this day.[3] A mural for the new post office built in 1937 was commissioned by the WPA and painted by Hilton Leech of Bridgeport, Connecticut, to commemorate this event.[2]

In September 2011, the town attempted to enact a program called "Operation Restore Our Community". It would have allowed those convicted of a misdemeanor to substitute imprisonment with mandatory church attendance for one year.[4] However, this program was challenged due to violating separation of church and state, and the program's start was delayed for judicial review.[5] It appears to have been scrapped.

Geography[edit]

Bay Minette is located near the center of Baldwin County in southern Alabama at 30°53′0″N 87°46′38″W / 30.88333°N 87.77722°W / 30.88333; -87.77722 (30.883446, -87.777183).[6] It is sited on high ground 5 miles (8 km) east of the Mobile River/Tensaw River valley and 6 miles (10 km) west of the Florida border formed by the Perdido River. U.S. Route 31 passes through the center of the city, leading south to Spanish Fort and northeast to Atmore. Interstate 65 passes about 5 miles (8 km) north of the city, with access from exit 34 (State Route 59) and exit 37 (State Route 287).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.6 square miles (22.4 km2), of which 8.6 square miles (22.2 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.75%, is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bay Minette has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [7]

Climate data for Bay Minette, Alabama
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17
(62)
18
(65)
22
(72)
26
(78)
29
(85)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(87)
27
(80)
21
(70)
18
(64)
25.4
(77.8)
Average low °C (°F) 5
(41)
6
(43)
10
(50)
13
(55)
17
(63)
21
(70)
22
(71)
22
(71)
19
(67)
14
(57)
9
(48)
6
(42)
13.7
(56.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 137
(5.4)
130
(5.1)
160
(6.3)
132
(5.2)
137
(5.4)
147
(5.8)
211
(8.3)
168
(6.6)
150
(5.9)
84
(3.3)
112
(4.4)
132
(5.2)
1,700
(66.9)
Source: Weatherbase [8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 749
1920 1,092 45.8%
1930 1,545 41.5%
1940 1,763 14.1%
1950 3,732 111.7%
1960 5,197 39.3%
1970 6,727 29.4%
1980 7,455 10.8%
1990 7,168 −3.8%
2000 7,820 9.1%
2010 8,044 2.9%
Est. 2013 8,934 11.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2013 Estimate[10]

Bay Minette is part of the DaphneFairhopeFoley Micropolitan Statistical Area.

2010 Census data[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 8,040 people, 2,744 households, and 1,884 families residing in the city. The population density was 930 inhabitants per square mile (360/km2) . There were 3,586 housing units at an average density of 417 square miles (1,080 km2) . The racial makeup of the city was 60.4% White, 35.3% Black or African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. 1.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,744 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.6% were married couples living together, 21.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was 23.6% under the age of 18, 13.7% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $32,389, and the median income for a family was $44,573. Males had a median income of $37,623 versus $23,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,897. About 17.1% of families and 26.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.9% of those under age 18 and 18.8% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Aerial view of the Bay Minette Municipal Airport taken in 2006

Bay Minette uses a mayor council government. The mayor is elected at large. The city council consists of five members who are elected from one of five districts.[12]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Bay Minette is a part of the Baldwin County Public Schools system.[13]

High schools

Middle school

  • Bay Minette Middle School (grades 7 and 8)

Intermediate school

  • Bay Minette Intermediate School (grades 4 through 6)

Elementary school

  • Bay Minette Elementary School (grades K through 3)

Higher education[edit]

Culture[edit]

Portions of the movie Close Encounters of the Third Kind were filmed near the town's Louisville and Nashville Railroad depot,[citation needed] and Friday the 13th Part VII: The New Blood was filmed in rural portions of Baldwin County near Bay Minette.[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

Intercity bus service is provided by Greyhound Lines.[14]

Routes passing through the city include US 31 and Alabama State Route 59.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Bay Minette city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b John C. Lewis and Harriet Brill Outlaw. Images of America: Baldwin County. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 14–16. ISBN 978-0-7385-6834-8. 
  3. ^ "Various Historical Compilations about Baldwin County, Alabama". Baldwin County, Alabama. Baldwin County, AL. 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2010. 
  4. ^ "Ala. town's criminals get choice: Jail or church". CBS News. 23 September 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2011. 
  5. ^ Cox, Carmen. (2011-09-27) Church or Jail? Alabama Alternative to Incarceration Program on Hold - National News - ABC News Radio. Abcnewsradioonline.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Bay Minette, Alabama
  8. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on November 3, 2013.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-07. 
  12. ^ "Bay Minette Municipal Government". City of Bay Minette. Retrieved 5 January 2010. 
  13. ^ "Baldwin County Public Schools". SchoolInSites.com. 2010. Archived from the original on 11 January 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2010. 
  14. ^ Bay Minette, AL Greyhound Station Intercity bus service
  15. ^ Thom Jurek. "Ellis Hooks | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-02-16. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°53′00″N 87°46′38″W / 30.883446°N 87.777183°W / 30.883446; -87.777183