Bay Shore, New York
Bay Shore, New York
The Heart of the South Shore
|• Total||14.3 km2 (5.5 sq mi)|
|• Land||13.9 km2 (5.4 sq mi)|
|• Water||0.4 km2 (0.2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Density||2,000/km2 (5,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern Time Zone)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00|
|Area code(s)||631, 934|
|GNIS feature ID||0943194|
Bay Shore is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the Town of Islip, New York, United States. It is situated on the South Shore of Long Island, adjoining the Great South Bay. The population of the CDP was 29,244 at the time of the 2020 census.
Bay Shore is one of the older hamlets on Long Island. Sagtikos Manor, located in West Bay Shore, was built around 1697. It was used as a British armed forces headquarters, at the time of the Battle of Long Island during the Revolutionary War. President Washington stayed at the manor during his tour of Long Island in 1790.
The land that would become Bay Shore proper was purchased from the Secatogue Native Americans in 1708 by local school teacher John Mowbray for "several eel spears".
The hamlet's name has changed over time: Early European settlers referred to the area first as Penataquit and later as Awixa; both were names used by the indigenous Secatogue. For reasons never documented, the name was changed in the early 19th century to Sodom. In 1842 there was a further name change to Mechanicsville, then a return in 1849 to Penataquit. The name Penataquit proved unpopular because it was difficult to spell, and the name of the hamlet and post office was changed to Bay Shore in 1868.
19th and early 20th centuries
Bay Shore became renowned in the late 19th century for its shopping district and resorts. The rural hamlet became popular with affluent New Yorkers looking to escape the city to white sand beaches of the Great South Bay and the fishing villages of Fire Island. It was a tourist spot on weekends and during the summer, in large part because the newly built Long Island Rail Road enabled easy access from New York City. During World War I it became the headquarters of the First Yale Unit, a United States Naval Air Reserve unit.
Post-World War II development
The population of Bay Shore increased significantly after World War II: from the mid-1950s through mid-1960s, a variety of housing developments were constructed on farms and unused woodlands. Those developments were settled largely by working and middle class first-time home buyers from New York City.
Despite strains on the community brought on by sudden, substantial growth, the hamlet remained sound. Main Street continued to be one of the region's most popular shopping destinations.
1970s and 1980s
Bay Shore suffered a decline beginning in the late 1970s. Without a local government, residents were unable to make decisions that were instead left to the Town of Islip and Suffolk County. The population density and demographics shifted when rezoning permitted businesses, rental properties and multi-family dwellings where previously only single-family houses had been allowed. Many Main Street storefronts became vacant. Construction of the South Shore Mall two miles north of Main Street took business away from the small businesses on Main Street. Deinstitutionalization caused psychiatric patients of the nearby Pilgrim State Hospital to be hastily relocated to rental housing downtown, often without sufficient professional support.
Restoration and the hamlet today
Work to restore Bay Shore has been ongoing since the 1980s. Upscale townhouses and condominiums were built in gated communities on the grounds of old estates. The former Bay Shore Theater and one-time opera house was renovated and expanded into a YMCA. The redevelopment of Main Street is ongoing; efforts include new sidewalks, antique-style streetlights, new landscaping and restored parks. Main Street has regained much of its popularity. There are many attractive new restaurants, clothing boutiques and other stores and offices. The Bay Shore Beautification Society transformed an empty lot on Main Street into a meditation garden that has since been recognized for its excellent design.
A US battleship was to have been placed at the Bay Shore Marina. However, the water was deemed too shallow, and instead a decommissioned WWII torpedo was converted into a monument. The aging bulkhead and other dock structures at the marina were rebuilt. Over the summer of 2010, a new water park was built at the marina with a renovated bath house and new landscaping.
Abandoned department stores at the Gardiner Manor Mall were razed to make new use of the property. Most of the old mall and adjacent buildings were replaced by new commercial and retail spaces, including a Lowe's home improvement center, a Target and a BMW dealership.
In 2008 and 2009, new condominiums replaced dilapidated housing next to the train station. Additionally, a pedestrian bridge was built over the tracks, and the old tunnel between platforms was closed.
The Bay Shore CDP is located on the South Shore of Long Island, approximately 42 miles (68 km) from Manhattan and 79 miles (127 km) from Montauk. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14.3 km2), of which 5.4 square miles (13.9 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2) (2.88%) is water.
The village of Brightwaters is west of Bay Shore, and east of West Bay Shore and south of a portion of the Bay Shore CDP; The Great South Bay is to the south. The village separates Bay Shore proper from West Bay Shore.
Demographics of the CDP
As of the census of 2010, there were 26,337, 9,064 households, and 6,079 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 4,877.2 per square mile (1,894.7/km2). There were 9,663 housing units at an average density of 1,789.4/sq mi (695.2/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 61.0% White, 19.6% African American, 0.7% Native American, 3.2% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 11.3% from some other race, and 4.2% from two or more races. Hispanics of any race constituted 30.8%.
There were 9,064 households, out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were headed by married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% were individuals 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.45.
The population was spread out, with 24.6% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.
For the period 2009–2011, the estimated median income for a household in the CDP was $64,681, and the median income for a family was $74,223. Males had a median income of $44,816 versus $38,744 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $26,847. About 2.8% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.
In addition, Bay Shore Parochial School of St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Church (of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Rockville Centre) offers elementary education covering grades K–8 courses and curriculum. It opened in 1921.
Bay Shore is accessible by major roads on Long Island such as:
- NY 27A, known by several names within the Bay Shore limits, including Main Street (Bay Shore), South Country Road (Brightwaters) and Montauk Highway (West Bay Shore)
- CR-50, Union Boulevard
- NY 27, known as Sunrise Highway. An alternate name is POW/MIA Memorial Highway, but this name is rarely used.
- Southern State Parkway, exits 41S, 42N or exit 42S
- CR-13, Fifth Avenue, runs from CR-4 (Commack Road) in Commack to Main Street in Bay Shore.
- CR-57, Howell's Road/Bay Shore Road, runs from NY 231 in Deer Park to Third Avenue in Bay Shore.
Bay Shore station is a stop on the Montauk Branch of the Long Island Rail Road. LIRR trains travel westward toward Babylon and New York City, and eastward toward Montauk. The Bay Shore stop is a popular stop for visitors traveling to and from Fire Island.
Bay Shore has terminals for the Ferries to Fire Island, serving Atlantique, Dunewood, Fair Harbor, Kismet, Ocean Bay Park, Ocean Beach, Point-O-Woods, Saltaire, and Seaview, and smaller hamlets. They are located at the southernmost end of Maple Avenue. Some daily ferries to Atlantique also make a stop at the Bay Shore Marina, which is across the canal from the Maple Avenue ferries.
Since 1891, Bay Shore has been served by volunteer firefighters of the Bay Shore Fire Department. The department is headquartered on Fifth Avenue, and two additional stations are located on Union Boulevard and East William Street. The department also serves Brightwaters and West Bay Shore.
The Bay Shore Fire Department is made up of members from five companies. In 1885, Bay Shore Hook & Ladder Company #1 was formed. In 1891, within a few weeks of each other, Penataquit Hose Company #1 and the Bay Shore Hose Company #1 were formed. The three companies were soon merged to form the Bay Shore Fire Department that same year. In 1895, the Bay Shore Fire Patrol Company was formed. Finally, the Bay Shore Engine Company #1 was formed in 1925. Briefly, during World War II, a sixth company was formed, Victory Engine Company #2, to supplement the department while many of its members were off in Europe and Asia fighting for America's armed forces.
Bay Shore is served by the Bay Shore-Brightwaters Volunteer Rescue Ambulance.
- Thomas Adams, 19th century founder of the Adams Chewing Gum Company (now part of Cadbury)
- Lisa Aukland, professional bodybuilder, powerlifter, and born in Bay Shore
- Patti Austin, Grammy Award-winning American R&B, pop and jazz singer.
- Frank Boulton, Bay Shore High School alumnus, president of Atlantic League of Professional Baseball, owner and president of the Long Island Ducks
- Aristotle Dreher, musician, co-founder of band Vaeda, born in Bay Shore and graduated from Bay Shore High School 1996
- The Entenmann family, founders of Entenmann's baked goods
- Amy Goodman, journalist, raised in Bay Shore and graduated from Bay Shore High School.
- Juanita Hall (née Long), was an American musical theatre and film actress, best known as Bloody Mary in the stage and screen versions of South Pacific, lived and died in Bay Shore
- Nancy Harrington, Florida state representative
- Henry Osborne Havemeyer, 19th century sugar baron and art collector, summered in Bay Shore through the 1900s and was an active member of the Bay Shore Yacht Club
- Edward Francis Hutton, founder of the EF Hutton brokerage company, summered in Bay Shore in the early 20th century
- Bradish Johnson, distillery, plantation, and sugar refinery owner
- Gustav Kobbé, opera expert and art critic, summered in Bay Shore, killed by hydroplane while sailing on Great South Bay
- Saul Kripke, philosopher and logician born in Bay Shore
- Zed Key, NBA player for Ohio State Buckeyes
- LL Cool J, recording artist and actor, born in Bay Shore & attended Bay Shore High School
- Richard Migliore (born 1964), retired award-winning thoroughbred jockey and current TV analyst
- Harvey Milk, former San Francisco Supervisor, gay rights pioneer, recipient of Presidential Medal of Freedom, graduated from Bay Shore High School in 1947
- Joe Namath, 1970s NFL quarterback, had a summer home in Bay Shore during the early 1970s
- Mario Puzo, author of "The Godfather" lived in Bay Shore where he penned his best sellers. He would die in Bay Shore.
- Judith Regan, publisher, graduated from Bay Shore High School in 1971
- Buzz Ritchie, co-founder of Gulf Coast Community Bank, born in Bay Shore, NY
- Jeff Ruland, professional basketball player and coach
- Lilia Skala, actress, lived in Bay Shore during her later years
- Spurgeon Tucker, 20th century painter
- Julia Gardiner Tyler, first lady of the United States during the last nine months of the Tyler administration.
Films with scenes filmed in Bay Shore
- 1969: Last Summer, directed by Frank Perry (filmed there and on Fire Island in the summer of 1968)
- 1983: The Hunger, directed by Tony Scott and starring Susan Sarandon, David Bowie, and Catherine Deneuve (exterior shots in introductory scenes)
- 1988: Married to the Mob, directed by Jonathan Demme and starring Michelle Pfeiffer and Alec Baldwin (family home and other suburban scenes)
- 2004: Birth, directed by Jonathan Glazer and starring Nicole Kidman, Lauren Bacall, Danny Huston and Anne Heche (wedding scenes at the historic Sagtikos Manor)
- 2008: What Happens in Vegas, directed by Tom Vaughan and starring Ashton Kutcher, Cameron Diaz (ferry to/from Fire Island)
- 2008: The Wackness, directed by Jonathan Levine (ferry to/from Fire Island)
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Bay Shore CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
- "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Bay Shore CDP, New York". www.census.gov.
- "Bay Shore Historical Society". Retrieved July 7, 2013.
- Bret Senft (April 12, 1992). "If you're thinking of living in: Bay Shore". New York Times. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
- The Awixa Castle (August 27, 2008). "The Awixa Castle". www.awixacastle.com/. The Awixa Castle. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
- Kay, John L. Smith, Chester M. Jr. (ed.). New York Postal History: The Post Offices and First Postmasters from 1775 to 1980. American Philatelic Society. Archived from the original on February 5, 2006. Retrieved March 11, 2022.
- Marc Wortman, The Millionaires' Unit: The Aristocratic Flyboys who Fought the Great War and Invented America's Airpower. New York : Public Affairs, 2006. ISBN 1-58648-328-5
- Senft, Bret (April 12, 1992). "If You're Thinking of Living in: Bay Shore". The New York Times. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
- "Map of North Bay Shore CDP". Archived from the original on June 7, 2011."Map of hamlets and villages within the Town of Islip".
- "Map of Town of Islip".
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Bay Shore CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2009–2011 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates (DP03): Bay Shore CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
- "History". Bay Shore Parochial School. Retrieved May 3, 2021.
- "Bay Shore road map & street view". Most complex maps for all cities in the world. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
- "Suffolk County Transit". Sct-bus.org. Retrieved March 19, 2022.
- "Long Island Rail Road". New.mta.info. Retrieved March 19, 2022.
- "Bay Shore Brightwaters Rescue Ambulance". Retrieved July 8, 2010.
- "South Shore University Hospital (Formerly Southside) | Northwell Health". Ssuh.northwell.edu. Retrieved March 19, 2022.
- "Interview: Amy Goodman". Fire Island News. July 10, 2017. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- "Actress Juanita Hall, 66". The Central New Jersey Home News. Associated Press. March 1, 1968. p. 12. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
- "History of the Bay Shore Yacht Club". bsyc.com. Bay Shore Yacht Club. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
- "Saul Kripke (American logician and philosopher) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. November 13, 1940. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
- "Zed Key Stats, News, Bio". ESPN. Retrieved April 28, 2022.
- Crist, Steven. "Migliore Starts Riding Career at the Top", The New York Times, April 21, 1981. Accessed September 10, 2019. "That year, Migliore's family – his parents and three brothers – moved from the Sheepshead Bay section of Brooklyn to Bay Shore, L.I., and he decided he wanted a pony."
- "CBS San Francisco".
- "Harvey Milk: The Early Years". Towardequality.org. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
- "Harvey Milk". Basic Famous People. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
- Last Summer (1969) at IMDb
- "Shooting Stars In Babylon East". Daily News. New York. April 2, 1995.
- Santorelli, Thomas (September 15, 2011). "Cinema Historian". Suffolk County News, Islip Bulletin. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
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