Bay Springs, Mississippi
|Bay Springs, Mississippi|
Location of Bay Springs, Mississippi
|• Total||14.8 sq mi (38.3 km2)|
|• Land||14.8 sq mi (38.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||423 ft (129 m)|
|• Density||142.0/sq mi (54.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0666590|
Bay Springs is a city in Jasper County, Mississippi. The population was 2,097 at the 2000 census. It is located at the intersection of state highways 15 and 18. The area was settled in the 1880s by Joe Blankenship, who built the sawmill that became the town's industrial base. The city was incorporated about twenty years later after the arrival of railroads going through it.
Bay Springs is located at (31.976761, -89.279574).
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,097 people, 793 households, and 524 families residing in the city. The population density was 54.8/km² (142.0/mi²). There were 880 housing units at an average density of 23.0/km² (59.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 50.02% White, 49.64% African American, 0.05% from other races, and 0.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.
There were 793 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 20.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 77.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $22,895, and the median income for a family was $30,938. Males had a median income of $31,806 versus $19,091 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,199. About 26.0% of families and 28.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.5% of those under age 18 and 33.1% of those age 65 or over.
Bay Springs was the site of one of six Sunbeam plants in Mississippi; when it closed, as a result of Albert J. Dunlap's downsizing of the company, 300 people lost their jobs. The last workers left the plant at the same time that Dunlap was negotiating a new contract, worth over $46 million; the average annual salary at the Bay Springs plant had been less than $25,000.
More recently, the Hol-Mac Corporation has located light industrial/manufacturing facilities in and around the Bay Springs area. One of the county's largest employers, this developing corporation has partnered with nearby Jones County Junior College with regard to job training and continues to expand employment opportunities in the local community. Hol-Mac operates facilities both in the town of Bay Springs and north of town in designated industrial areas between Bay Springs and the community of Louin, MS. As of 2015, there are three main manufacturing facilities as well as additional office/HR support facilities.
Likewise, there have been longstanding nearby facilities for the Georgia Pacific Corporation in the Bay Springs area.
The City of Bay Springs is served by the West Jasper School District.
- Jesse L. Brown, first African-American aviator in the U.S., who attended Bay Springs High School in 1940
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bay Springs has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Kellerman, Barbara (2004). Bad leadership: what it is, how it happens, why it matters. Harvard Business Press. p. 139. ISBN 978-1-59139-166-1.
- Taylor, Theodore (2007). Flight of Jesse Leroy Brown. Naval Institute Press. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-59114-852-4.
- Climate Summary for Bay Springs, Mississippi