Bay owl

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Bay owl
Oriental bay owl
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Strigiformes
Family: Tytonidae
Genus: Phodilus
Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I, 1830
  • Photodilus

The bay owls (Phodilus) are a genus of barn owls that make up the subfamily Phodilinae.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The genus Phodilus was erected by the French zoologist Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in 1830.[1] The name is from the Ancient Greek phōs for "light" or "daylight" and deilos for "timid" or "cowardly".[2] Most classification schemes recognize three extant species in this genus:[3]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Phodilus prigoginei Congo bay owl Itombwe Mountains in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
Oriental bay owl, Phodilus badius - Khao Yai National Park.jpg Phodilus badius Oriental bay owl Philippines, China, Vietnam, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, India, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei
Ceylon Bay Owl Abhilash Arjunan.jpg Phodilus assimilis Sri Lanka bay owl island of Sri Lanka and the Western Ghats in Kerala, South Western India


Bay owls appear similar to other barn owls; they are generally smaller, have ear-like feather tufts, and have a more divided and U-shaped facial disk.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Bay owls can be found in central Africa, and from the Indian subcontinent to Southeast Asia and the Indonesian archipelago.


  1. ^ Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Isidore (1830). "Remarques sur les charactères et la classification des oiseaux de proie nocturnes, et description d'un genre nouveau sous la nom de Phodilus". Annales des sciences naturelles (in French). 21: 194–203 [199]. 
  2. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 303. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4. 
  3. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2017). "Owls". World Bird List Version 7.3. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Phodilus at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Phodilus at Wikispecies