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巴彦淖尔市ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Linhe District, the seat of Bayannur
Linhe District, the seat of Bayannur
Location of Bayannur City jurisdiction in Inner Mongolia
Location of Bayannur City jurisdiction in Inner Mongolia
Bayannur is located in Inner Mongolia
Location of the city centre in Inner Mongolia
Coordinates (Bayannur municipal government): 40°44′35″N 107°23′13″E / 40.743°N 107.387°E / 40.743; 107.387Coordinates: 40°44′35″N 107°23′13″E / 40.743°N 107.387°E / 40.743; 107.387
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionInner Mongolia
 • CPC SecretaryNashunmenghe
 • MayorHe Yonglin
 • Prefecture-level city65,788 km2 (25,401 sq mi)
 • Urban
80.51 km2 (31.09 sq mi)
 • Districts[1]2,354.0 km2 (908.9 sq mi)
 • Prefecture-level city1,669,915
 • Density25/km2 (66/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density4,800/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 • Districts[1]
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
Area code(s)0478
ISO 3166 codeCN-NM-08
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese巴彦淖尔
Traditional Chinese巴彥淖爾
Mongolian name
Mongolian CyrillicБаяннуур хот
Mongolian scriptᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ

Bayannur or Bayannao'er (Chinese: 巴彦淖尔市; pinyin: bāyànnàoěr; Mongolian: Bayannagur.svg Bayannaɣur qota, Mongolian Cyrillic Баяннуур хот) is a prefecture-level city in western Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. Until December 1, 2003, the area was called Bayannur League.

Bayannur has an administrative area of 65,788 km2 (25,401 sq mi). The name of the city in Mongolian means "Rich Lake". At the 2010 census, the total population of Bayannur is up to 1,669,915, while the city proper, Linhe District, has 520,300 inhabitants.[2]


The Zhao Dynasty (403 BCE–222 BCE) controlled an area including modern-day Bayannur, while the Western Han Dynasty (206 BCE–24 CE) established a hierarchical Chinese administrative structure. The Qing Dynasty (1644–1912) designated this area as part of "Inner Mongolia", but after its overthrow by the Republic of China (1912–1949), Bayannur was assigned to Suiyuan Province. Because of Mongol-Chinese cooperation with the Communist faction in the Chinese Civil War (stalled since 1950), Suiyuan was annexed to the new Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 1954, although not without controversy because of the province's large and longstanding ethnic Han majority.

Geography and climate[edit]

Bayannur is located in the western part of inner Mongolia Autonomous region. Neighbouring prefectures are:

It also borders Mongolia to the north. The whole area of the prefecture is 65,788 km2 (25,401 sq mi) at present and the total population is nearly 1.7 million. Bayannur features a desert climate (Köppen BWk), marked by long, cold and very dry winters, very warm, somewhat humid summers, and strong winds, especially in spring. Most of the rain falls between July and September, with very little snow in winter.


In 2000, there were 1,682,662 inhabitants:

Ethnic group no. of inhabitants share
Han 1,579,969 93.9%
Mongols 76,368 4.54%
Hui 19,835 1.18%
Manchu 4,231 0.25%
Tujia 560 0.03%
Tibetans 393 0.02%
Miao 224 0.01%
Koreans 211 0.01%
Yi 178 0.01%
Daur 166 0.01%
Other 527 0.03%

At the end of 2004, the population was at around 1,79 million inhabitants.

Administrative Subdivisions[edit]

Bayannur is divided into one district, two counties and four banners:

Name Mongolian Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Linhe District ᠯᠢᠨᠾᠧ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ
(Linhė toɣoriɣ)
临河区 Línhé Qū 541,721 2,354 230
Wuyuan County ᠦᠶᠤᠸᠠᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
(Üyuvan siyan)
五原县 Wǔyuán Xiàn 260,480 2,493 104
Dengkou County ᠳ᠋ᠧᠩᠺᠧᠦ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
(Dėŋḵėü siyan)
磴口县 Dèngkǒu Xiàn 117,091 4,167 28
Urad Front Banner
(Urad Omnod Banner)
ᠤᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠳᠦ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Urad-un Emünedü qosiɣu)
乌拉特前旗 Wūlātè Qián Qí 293,269 7,476 39
Urad Middle Banner
(Urad Dundad Banner)
ᠤᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Urad-un Dumdadu qosiɣu)
乌拉特中旗 Wūlātè Zhōng Qí 134,204 22,606 6
Urad Rear Banner
(Urad Hoit Banner)
ᠤᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠲᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Urad-un Qoyitu qosiɣu)
乌拉特后旗 Wūlātè Hòu Qí 65,207 24,925 2
Hanggin Rear Banner
(Hanggin Hoit Banner)
ᠬᠠᠩᠭᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠲᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Qaŋɣin Qoyitu qosiɣu)
杭锦后旗 Hángjǐn Hòu Qí 257,943 1,767 145


Located in Hetao Plain, Bayannaoer is the largest agricultural hub in Inner Mongolia. Bayannaoer is famous for "Bameng braised dishes" (巴盟烩菜), meaning "braised dishes".


  1. ^ a b c d Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 46. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ 2010年巴彦淖尔市第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (in Chinese). Bayannur People's Government. 16 May 2011.

External links[edit]