Bayar caste

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Bayar (caste))
Jump to: navigation, search

The Bayar, or sometimes pronounced Biyar are a Hindu caste found in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India.[1][2]

Origin[edit]

The word bayar is said to mean seed bed in Hindi, and it is suggested that they may have acquired this name on account of their occupation as cultivators of rice and constructers of embankments. . The Bayar are still found mainly in Varanasi District, in and Chakia and Chandauli. A big number are also found in Mirzapur Sone bhadra District. They speak Awadhi.[3]

Present circumstances[edit]

The Bayar are strictly endogamous community, and practice the principle of clan exogamy. These clans are referred to as kuris, and their main clans are the Kanaujiya, Sakarwar, Barwar, Mahato, Kahto, Kashi and Barhar. These clans are also hypergamous, with the Kanaujiya intermarrying only with the Barwar, Sakarwar and Mahato. They live in multi-caste villages, but occupy distinct quarters. Each of their settlement contains an informal caste council, known as a biradari panchayat. The panchayat acts as instrument of social control, dealing with issues such as divorce and adultery.[4]

The Bayar are community of cultivators and graziers, often occupying tracts of land outside their villages to graze. They also raise a number of crops such as pototoes. Biyar are very quite and respectable tribe.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 229 to 234 Manohar Publications
  2. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/varanasi/In-UP-Shah-eyeing-backward-castes/articleshow/46650555.cms
  3. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 229 to 234 Manohar Publications
  4. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 229 to 234 Manohar Publications