Bayel

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For the village in Iran, see Bayel, Iran.
Bayel
Bayel Town Hall
Bayel Town Hall
Coat of arms of Bayel
Coat of arms
Bayel is located in France
Bayel
Bayel
Coordinates: 48°11′59″N 4°46′34″E / 48.1997°N 4.7761°E / 48.1997; 4.7761Coordinates: 48°11′59″N 4°46′34″E / 48.1997°N 4.7761°E / 48.1997; 4.7761
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Aube
Arrondissement Bar-sur-Aube
Canton Bar-sur-Aube
Intercommunality Bar-sur-Aube
Government
 • Mayor (2011–2020) Serge Roussel
Area1 23 km2 (9 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 854
 • Density 37/km2 (96/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 10035 /10310

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bayel is a French commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.[1]

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bayellois or Bayelloises.[2]

The commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.[3]

Geography[edit]

Bayel is located some 23 km west by north-west of Chaumont and 25 km south-east of Brienne-le-Château. Access to the commune is by the D396 from Ville-sous-la-Ferté in the south which passes through the commune just west of the village and continues north-west to Bar-sur-Aube. The D170 goes from the village to join the D396 then south and west to Baroville. The D47 goes north-east from the village to Lignol-le-Château. The TER Champagne-Ardenne railway from Troyes to Chalindrey passes through the commune coming from Bar-sur-Aube station in the north-west and continuing to Bricon station in the south-east with no station in the commune. The commune is mostly forest with some farmland following the railway line in the west of the commune.[4][5]

The Aube river flows through the commune and the village forming part of the northern border as it flows north-west to eventually join the Seine at Marcilly-sur-Seine. The Ru du Gravelin rises just east of the commune and flows west to join the Aube. The Fossé de Six Pieds flows from a small lake in the commune to the Aube.[4][5]

Mapping[edit]

A list of online mapping systems can be displayed by clicking on the coordinates (latitude and longitude) in the top right hand corner of this article.

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

[4]

Toponymy[edit]

Bayel appears as Bayel on the 1750 Cassini Map[6] and the same on the 1790 version.[7]

History[edit]

Bayel has been known for glass work since the year 1300. In 1666 Jean-Baptiste Mazzolay, a Venetian glass master, established a crystal glass works under the aegis of the religious of Clairvaux who were then owners of the premises.

King Louis XIV gave it the label Royal Manufacturer of Crystal in Bayel under letters patent due to the exclusive production and sales between Chaumont and Paris. The factory later became the Royal Crystal of Champagne. Every year thousands of visitors come to see the art of the glassmakers of Bayel.

The crystal works formerly had about 600 employees at the beginning of the 1970s but today there remain only 39.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Bayel
Blazon:

Sable, a crozier of Or debruised by a bend chequy of Argent and Gules between two fleurs de lis of Or; over all an inescutcheon Azure charged with a wine glass Argent.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[8]

From To Name Party Position
1857 Henri Aubertin
2001 2011 Jacky Varennes
2011 2020 Serge Roussel

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 854 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
375 475 565 556 619 694 712 707 670
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
811 860 888 967 1,007 995 1,033 1,063 1,133
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,272 1,454 1,517 1,263 1,405 1,432 1,456 1,319 1,440
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
1,392 1,353 1,282 111 960 860 854 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Bayel

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

  • The Tourist Office contains three items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Commemorative plaque for Pierre Moreau (1749)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[9]
    • A Commemorative plaque for Marie Simmonot (1730)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[10]
    • The Furniture in the Tourist OfficeLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[11]

The commune has two sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Royal Glassworks of Champagne (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • The La Borde Farmhouse (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint Martin
The Virgin of Pity Statue
  • The Parish Church of Saint Martin contains a large number of objects that are registered as historical objects. For a complete list including links to descriptions (in French) and photos click here.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]