Bayel Town Hall
|• Mayor (2011–2020)||Serge Roussel|
|23 km2 (9 sq mi)|
|• Density||37/km2 (96/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bayellois or Bayelloises.
The commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.
Bayel is located some 23 km west by north-west of Chaumont and 25 km south-east of Brienne-le-Château. Access to the commune is by the D396 from Ville-sous-la-Ferté in the south which passes through the commune just west of the village and continues north-west to Bar-sur-Aube. The D170 goes from the village to join the D396 then south and west to Baroville. The D47 goes north-east from the village to Lignol-le-Château. The TER Champagne-Ardenne railway from Troyes to Chalindrey passes through the commune coming from Bar-sur-Aube station in the north-west and continuing to Bricon station in the south-east with no station in the commune. The commune is mostly forest with some farmland following the railway line in the west of the commune.
The Aube river flows through the commune and the village forming part of the northern border as it flows north-west to eventually join the Seine at Marcilly-sur-Seine. The Ru du Gravelin rises just east of the commune and flows west to join the Aube. The Fossé de Six Pieds flows from a small lake in the commune to the Aube.
Bayel has been known for glass work since the year 1300. In 1666 Jean-Baptiste Mazzolay, a Venetian glass master, established a crystal glass works under the aegis of the religious of Clairvaux who were then owners of the premises.
King Louis XIV gave it the label Royal Manufacturer of Crystal in Bayel under letters patent due to the exclusive production and sales between Chaumont and Paris. The factory later became the Royal Crystal of Champagne. Every year thousands of visitors come to see the art of the glassmakers of Bayel.
The crystal works formerly had about 600 employees at the beginning of the 1970s but today there remain only 39.
Sable, a crozier of Or debruised by a bend chequy of Argent and Gules between two fleurs de lis of Or; over all an inescutcheon Azure charged with a wine glass Argent.
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 854 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and heritage
- The Tourist Office contains three items that are registered as historical objects:
The commune has two sites that are registered as historical monuments:
- The Parish Church of Saint Martin contains a large number of objects that are registered as historical objects. For a complete list including links to descriptions (in French) and photos click here.
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Bayel on Lion1906
- Inhabitants of Aube (in French)
- Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom website Archived December 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine (in French)
- Bayel on Google Maps
- Bayel on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
- Bayel on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Bayel on the 1790 Cassini Map
- List of Mayors of France (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004640 Commemorative plaque for Pierre Moreau (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004639 Commemorative plaque for Marie Simmonot (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM10011727 Furniture in the Tourist Office (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000063 Royal Glassworks of Champagne (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00125373 La Borde Farmhouse (in French)
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